An Estimation of the Economic Impact of Spousal Violence in Canada, 2009

Appendix A: Justice System Costs Footnote 76

A.1 Criminal Justice System

A1.1 Police

Total police expenditures, 2009 $12,316,896,000 Table note a
Proportion of police expenditures spent on crime-related activities 65% Table note b
Police expenditures on crime-related activities ($12,316,896,000*0.65) $8,005,982,400
Table A.1 presents the allocation of police expenditures between all spousal violence-related offences according to their severity weights
Police costs – spousal violence against females $121,599,167
Police costs – spousal violence against males $23,975,267
Total Criminal Justice System Costs, Police $145,574,434
Table A.1 : Police Expenditures Allocated between Spousal Violence Offences
Offences Severity weights Table note c Police costs per incident # of incidents against Table note d Police costs for incidents against
F M F M
Murder – 1st degree & 2nd degree 7,042 $344,444 48 10 $16,700,326 $3,479,235
Manslaughter 1,822 $89,101 1 5 $90,001 $450,003
Criminal negligence causing death 688 $33,611 3 1 $102,002 $34,001
Other violations causing death 62 $3,029 3 1 $9,179 $3,060
Attempted murder 1,411 $69,019 44 14 $3,067,515 $976,027
Conspire to commit murder 611 $29,887 3 1 $90,566 $30,189
Aggravated sexual assault – level 3 1,047 $51,225 9 0 $465,678 0
Sexual assault with a weapon – level 2 678 $33,181 37 1 $1,240,098 $33,516
Sexual assault – level 1 211 $10,320 726 15 $7,494,997 $156,363
Sexual interference/Invitation to sexual touching/Sexual exploitation/Anal intercourse 211 $10,320 6 0 $62,551 0
Voyeurism 86 $4,207 2 0 $8,498 0
Aggravated assault – level 3 405 19,804 189 70 $3,740,820 $1,380,303
Assault with weapon/causing bodily harm – level 2 77 $3,785 4,124 1,812 $15,611,108 $6,859,252
Assault – level 1 23 $1,146 23,899 5,444 $27,391,520 $6,240,080
Unlawfully causing bodily harm 143 $6,995 46 9 $325,010 $63,589
Discharge firearm with intent 988 $48,328 3 0 $146,447 0
Using firearm in commission of offence 267 $13,060 9 3 $118,729 $39,576
Pointing a Firearm 194 $9,489 9 3 $86,268 $28,756
Assault police officer – level 1 42 $2,054 0 4 $0 $8,301
Criminal negligence causing bodily harm 399 $19,517 7 0 $137,998 0
Other assaults 58 $2,837 75 16 $212,062 $45,851
Forcible confinement/Kidnapping 477 $23,332 1068 29 $24,911,308 $683,470
Hostage taking/trafficking in persons 1278 $62,513 5 0 $315,721 0
Robbery 583 $28,517 102 24 $2,909,331 $691,326
Intimidation of a justice system/a non-justice participant 67 $3,277 68 10 $221,796 $33,104
Extortion 229 $11,201 29 7 $328,123 $79,202
Criminal harassment 45 $2,201 2754 349 $6,060,962 $769,293
Threatening or harassing phone calls 17 $832 843 289 $701,356 $240,225
Uttering threats 46 $2,250 3949 713 $8,886,643 $1,604,596
Arson, disregard for human life 322 $15,750 4 2 $63,638 $31,819
Other violent violations 143 $6,995 14 2 $98,916 $14,131
Total     38,082 8,836 $121,599,167 $23,975,267

A.1.2 Court

Number of active civil cases per capita, 2002/03 0.0207 Table note a
Population, 2002/03 31,353,656 Table note b
Estimated number of civil cases, 2002/03 (31,353,656*0.0207) 648,277
Number of total criminal court cases (adult + youth), 2002/03 496,880 Table note c
Total cases processed in court, 2002/03 (648,277+496,880) 1,145,157
Total court expenditures, 2002/03 $1,151,885,000 Table note d
Average court cost per case, 2002/03 ($1,151,885,000/1,145,157) $1,007
Average court cost per case (length adjustment) ($1,007*1.23) $1,238 Table note e
Average court cost per case, 2009 (inflation adjustment) $1,408
Number of criminal court cases, 2009 – spousal violence against females 18,300 Table note f
Number of criminal court cases, 2009 – spousal violence against males 3,259 Table note f
Criminal court costs – spousal violence against females (18,300*$1,408) $25,763,472
Criminal court costs – spousal violence against females (3/,259*$1,408) $4,588,151
Total Criminal Justice System Costs, Criminal Court $30,351,623

A.1.3 Prosecution

Total criminal prosecution expenditures (excluding BC), 2002/03 $352,138,000 Table note a
Number of criminal cases (adult + youth) (excluding BC), 2002/03 422,096 Table note b
Average prosecution cost per case, 2002/03 ($352,138,000/422,096) $834
Average prosecution cost per case (length adjustment) ($834*1.23) $1,026 Table note c
Average prosecution cost per case, 2009 (inflation adjustment) $1,166
Number of criminal court cases, 2009 – spousal violence against females 18,300 Table note d
Number of criminal court cases, 2009 – spousal violence against males 3,259 Table note d
Prosecution costs – spousal violence against females (18,300*$1,166) $21,346,584
Prosecution costs – spousal violence against males (3,259*$1,166) $3,801,558
Total Criminal Justice System Costs, Prosecution $25,148,142

A.1.4 Legal Aid

Direct legal service expenditures (criminal matters), 2008/09 $313,049,000 Table note a
Other expenditures (criminal matters), 2008/09 $75,342,000 Table note a
Total legal aid expenditures (criminal matters), 2008/09 ($313,049,000 + $75,342,000) $388,391,000
Direct legal service expenditures (criminal matters), 2009/10 $314,812,000 Table note a
Other expenditures (criminal matters), 2009/10 $84,719,000 Table note a
Total legal aid expenditures (criminal matters), 2009/10 ($314,812,000 + $84,719,000) $399,530,000
Total legal service expenditures, 2009 ($388,391,000 *25% + $399,530,000*75%) $391,176,171
Number of total criminal cases in Canada (adult+ youth), 2009 482,144 Table note b
Legal aid costs per case, 2009 ($391,176,171/482,144) $811
Number of criminal court cases, 2009 – spousal violence against females 18,300 Table note c
Number of criminal court cases, 2009 – spousal violence against males 3,259 Table note c
Legal aid costs – spousal violence against females (18,300*$811) $14,847,274
Legal aid costs – spousal violence against females (3,259*$811) $2,644,113
Total Criminal Justice System Costs, Legal Aid $17,491,387

A.1.5 Correctional Services

Table A.2: Number of Spousal Violence Cases and Conviction Rates by Gender of Accused,
Gender of Victim, and Violation Table note a
  Number of Cases Male Accused Number of Cases Female Accused
Gender of Victim Conviction rate Gender of Victim Conviction rate
F M F M
Homicide 30 0 50.4% 0 14 46.6%
Attempted murder 25 1 20.5% 0 6 16.7%
Robbery 55 4 65.3% 1 1 55.2%
Sexual assault 316 1 43.8% 1 2 26.9%
Other sexual offences 3 0 70.8% 0 0 46.9%
Major assault 2,549 63 57.3% 31 842 48.7%
Common assault 11,605 167 54.5% 82 1,814 41.1%
Uttering threats 1,659 33 54.4% 11 171 43.3%
Criminal harassment 1,221 16 55.4% 10 107 31.9%
Other crimes against persons 690 8 45.5% 4 15 40.9%
Table A.3: Distribution of Most Serious Sentences by Gender of Accused and Violation Table note a
  Custody Conditional Sentence Probation Fine
M F M F M F M F
Homicide 79.5% 85.5% 1.7% 1.8% 2.4% 7.3% 2.8% 0
Attempted murder 78.1% 50.0% 0 0 2.9% 37.5% 2.9% 0
Robbery 79.8% 67.0% 4.8% 9.1% 10.3% 16.2% 0.2% 0.7%
Sexual assault 56.2% 33.3% 12.5% 21.2% 21.4% 43.9% 0.4% 0
Other sexual offences 64.4% 56.3% 5.3% 2.7% 19.8% 18.8% 2.5% 7.1%
Major assault 47.3% 25.9% 8.6% 11.2% 35.2% 52.5% 3.1% 3.4%
Common assault 16.0% 6.3% 3.2% 2.0% 68.2% 73.1% 3.6% 4.3%
Uttering threats 32.9% 19.4% 3.7% 4.2% 54.1% 64.4% 3.4% 3.1%
Criminal harassment 28.1% 11.6% 5.0% 5.8% 61.6% 74.5% 0.8% 0.2%
Other crimes against persons 49.5% 23.0% 5.4% 9.9% 36.4% 52.9% 1.2% 1.7%
Table A.3-1: Number of Convicted Male Offenders by Sentence Type and Violation
  Spousal Violence against Females Spousal Violence against Males
Custody Conditional Sentence Probation Fine Custody Conditional Sentence Probation Fine
Homicide 12 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Attempted murder 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Robbery 29 2 4 0 2 0 0 0
Sexual assault 78 17 30 1 0 0 0 0
Other sexual offences 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Major assault 691 126 514 45 17 3 13 1
Common assault 1,013 205 4,312 228 15 3 62 3
Uttering threats 297 33 489 31 6 1 10 1
Criminal harassment 190 34 416 5 3 0 6 0
Other crimes against persons 155 17 114 4 2 0 1 0
Total 2,471 434 5,880 314 44 8 92 5
Table A.3-2: Number of Convicted Female Offenders by Sentence Type and Violation
  Spousal Violence against Females Spousal Violence against Males
Custody Conditional Sentence Probation Fine Custody Conditional Sentence Probation Fine
Homicide 0 0 0 0 6 0 0 0
Attempted murder 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Robbery 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sexual assault 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other sexual offences 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Major assault 4 2 8 1 106 46 216 14
Common assault 2 1 25 1 47 15 544 32
Uttering threats 1 0 3 0 14 3 48 2
Criminal harassment 0 0 2 0 4 2 25 0
Other crimes against persons 0 0 1 0 1 1 3 0
Total 8 3 39 2 180 67 837 48

A.1.5.1 Custody

Table A.4: Distribution of Sentence Length for Offenders Convicted of Spousal Violence Crimes, by Gender of Accused Table note a
  M F
Federal custody (=24 month) 1.03% 3.28%
Provincial custody (24 months) 98.97% 96.72%
A.1.5.1.1 Federal Custody
Number of male offenders admitted to federal custody,
spousal violence against females (2,471*1.03%) 25 Table note a
spousal violence against males (44*1.03%) 0 Table note a
Number of female offenders admitted to federal custody,
spousal violence against females (8*3.28%) 0 Table note a
spousal violence against males (180*3.28%) 6 Table note a
Average length of federal custody in days 1,245 Table note b
Federal full parole grant rate for males 39.3% Table note c
Federal full parole grant rate for females 70.8% Table note c
Number of male offenders granted federal full parole,
spousal violence against females (25*39.3%) 10
Number of female offenders granted federal full parole,
spousal violence against males (6*70.8%) 4
Proportion of sentence served before full parole, male offenders 38.5% Table note d
Proportion of sentence served before full parole, female offenders 36.1% Table note d
Federal full parole successful completion rate 81.2% Table note e
Number of male offenders successfully completing full federal parole,
spousal violence against females (10*81.2%) 8
Number of male offenders successfully completing full federal parole,
spousal violence against males (4*81.2%) 3
Number of incarceration days, male offenders with successful full parole,
spousal violence against females (1,245*38.5%*8) 3,835
Number of incarceration days, female offenders with successful full parole,
spousal violence against males (1,245*36.1%*3) 1,348
Number of male offenders not completing full parole,
spousal violence against females (10-8) 2
Number of female offenders not completing full parole,
spousal violence against males (4-3) 1
Number of incarceration days, male offenders not completing full parole,
spousal violence against females [2*(1,245*38.5%+1,245*(1-38.5%)*0.5)] 1,724 Table note f
Number of incarceration days, female offenders not completing full parole,
spousal violence against to males [1*(1,245*36.1%+1,245*(1-36.1%)*0.5)] 847
Percentage of offenders released on statutory release (not granted full parole) 95% Table note g
Number of male offenders released on statutory release,
spousal violence against females [25*(1-39.3%)*95%] 14
Number of female offenders released on statutory release,
spousal violence against males [6*(1-70.8%))*95%] 2
Federal statutory release successful completion rate 61.7% Table note h
Number of male offenders successfully completing statutory release,
spousal violence against females (14*61.7%) 9
Number of female offenders successfully completing statutory release,
spousal violence against males (2*61.7%) 1
Proportion of sentence served before statutory release granted 66.7% Table note g
Number of incarceration days, male offenders completing statutory release,
spousal violence against females (9*1,245*66.7%) 7,470
Number of incarceration days, female offenders completing statutory release,
spousal violence against males (1*1,245*66.7%) 830
Number of male offenders not completing statutory release,
spousal violence against females (14-9) 5
Number of female offenders not completing statutory release,
spousal violence against males (2-1) 1
Number of incarceration days, male offenders not completing statutory release,
spousal violence against female [5*(1,245*66.7%+1,245*33.3%*0.5)] 5,188
Number of incarceration days, female offenders not completing statutory release,
spousal violence against male [1*(1,245*66.7%+1,245*33.3%*0.5)] 1,038
Number of male offenders without early release,
spousal violence against female (25-10-14) 1
Number of female offenders without early release,
spousal violence against male (6-4-2) 0
Number of incarceration days, male offenders without early release,
spousal violence against females (1*1,245) 1,245
Total number of incarceration days for male offenders
spousal violence against females (3,835+1,724+7,470+5,188+1,245) 19,462
Total number of incarceration days for female offenders
spousal violence against males (1,348+847+830+1,038) 4,063
Average daily cost of federal incarceration, male offenders $292i
Average daily cost of federal incarceration, female offenders $556 Table note i
Incarceration costs – spousal violence against females (19,462*$292) $5,682,904
Incarceration costs – spousal violence against males (4,063*$556) $2,259,028
Number of days on parole for male offenders
spousal violence against females (1,245*[(1-38.5%)*8+(1-38.5%)*0.5*2]) 6,891
Number of days on parole for female offenders
spousal violence against males (1,245*[(1-36.1%)*3+(1-36.1%)*0.5*1]) 2,784
Number of days on statutory release for male offenders
spousal violence against females [1,245*(33.3%*9+33.3%*0.5*5)] 4,773
Number of days on statutory release for female offenders
spousal violence against males [1,245*(33.3%*1+33.3%*0.5*1)] 623
Total number of days serving the sentence in community for male offenders
spousal violence against females (6,891+4,773) 11,664
Total number of days serving the sentence in community for female offenders
spousal violence against males (2,784+623) 3,407
Average daily cost of supervising a federal offender in the community $81 Table note i
Costs of supervising federal offenders in community – spousal violence against females (11,664*$81) $944,784
Costs of supervising federal offenders in community – spousal violence against males (3,407*$81) $275,967
Total expenditures of national family violence correctional programs ( CSC)
For male offenders $3,110,012 Table note j
Total expenditures of national family violence correctional programs ( CSC)
For female offenders $450,604 Table note j
Percentage of spousal violence victims out of all victims of family violence 53% Table note k
Expenditures of family violence correctional programs related to spousal violence
For male offenders ($3,110,012*53%) $1,648,306
Expenditures of family violence correctional programs related to spousal violence
For female offenders ($450,604*53%) $238,820
Federal custody costs – spousal violence against females ($5,682,904+$944,784+$1,648,306) $8,275,994
Federal custody costs – spousal violence against males ($2,259,028+$275,967+$238,820) $2,773,815
Total Custody Costs, Federal Custody $11,049,809
A.1.5.1.2 Provincial Custody
Number of male offenders admitted to provincial custody,
spousal violence against females (2,471-25) 2,445 Table note a
spousal violence against males (44--0) 44 Table note a
Number of female offenders admitted to provincial custody,
spousal violence against females (8-0) 8 Table note a
spousal violence against males (180-6) 174 Table note a
Average length of provincial custody in days for male offenders 113 Table note b
Average length of provincial custody in days for female offenders 86 Table note b
Provincial full parole grant rate 38.5% Table note c
Number of male offenders granted full parole,
spousal violence against females (2,445*38.5%) 941
spousal violence against males (44*38.5%) 17
Number of female offenders granted full parole,
spousal violence against females (8*38.5%) 3
spousal violence against males (174*38.5%) 67
Provincial full parole successful completion rate 82.7% Table note c
Number of male offenders successfully completing parole,
spousal violence against females (941*82.7%) 778
spousal violence against males (17*82.7%) 14
Number of female offenders successfully completing parole,
spousal violence against females (3*82.7%) 2
spousal violence against males (67*82.7%) 55
Proportion of sentence served before full parole granted 33.33% Table note d
Number of incarceration days, male offenders with successful parole,
spousal violence against females (778*33.33%*113) 29,302
spousal violence against males (14*33.33%*113) 527
Number of incarceration days, female offenders with successful parole,
spousal violence against females (2*33.33%*86) 57
spousal violence against males (55*33.33%*86) 1,577
Number of male offenders not completing full parole,
spousal violence against females (941-778) 163
spousal violence against males (17-14) 3
Number of female offenders not completing full parole,
spousal violence against females (3-2) 1
spousal violence against males (67-55) 12
Number of incarceration days, male offenders not completing full parole,
spousal violence against females [163*113*(33.33%*+*66.67%*0.5)] 12,276 Table note e
spousal violence against males [3*113*(33.33%*+*66.67%*0.5)] 226 Table note e
Number of incarceration days, female offenders not completing full parole,
spousal violence against females [1*86*(33.33%*+*66.67%*0.5)] 57 Table note e
spousal violence against males [12*86*(33.33%*+*66.67%*0.5)] 688 Table note e
Number of male offenders released on statutory release,
spousal violence against females (2,445-941) 1,504
spousal violence against males (44-17) 27
Number of female offenders released on statutory release,
spousal violence against females (8-3) 5
spousal violence against males (174-67) 107
Proportion of sentence served before statutory release 66.67% Table note f
Number of incarceration days, male offenders receiving statutory release,
spousal violence against females (1,504*66.67%*113) 113,301
 spousal violence against males (27*66.67%*113) 2,034
Number of incarceration days, female offenders receiving statutory release,
spousal violence against females (5*66.67%*86) 287
spousal violence against males (107 *66.67%*86) 6,135
Total number of incarceration days for male offenders,
spousal violence against females (29,302+12,276+113,301) 154,879
spousal violence against males (527+226+2,034) 2,787
Total number of incarceration days for female offenders,
spousal violence against females (57+57+287) 401
spousal violence against males (1,577+688+6,135) 8,400
Average daily cost of provincial incarceration 161$ Table note g
Incarceration costs – spousal violence against females [(154,879+401)*$161] 25,000,080$
Incarceration costs – spousal violence against males [(2,787+8,400)*$161] 1,801,107$
Number of days serving the sentence in community for male offenders,
spousal violence against females [113*(778*66.67%+66.67%*0.5*163)] 64,752
spousal violence against males [113*(14*66.67%+66.67*0.5*3)] 1,168
Number of days serving the sentence in community for female offenders,
spousal violence against females 86(2*66.67%+66.67*0.5*1) 143
spousal violence against males 86*(55*66.67%+66.67%*0.5*12) 3,498
Average daily cost of provincial parole 32$ Table note h
Cost of supervising provincial offenders in community – spousal violence against females [(64,752+143)*$32] 2,076,640$
Cost of supervising provincial offenders in community – spousal violence against males [(1,168+3,498)*$32] 149,312$
Provincial custody costs – spousal violence against females ($25,000,080+$2,076,640) 27,076,720$
Provincial custody costs – spousal violence against males ($1,801,107+$149,312) 1,950,419$
Total Custody Costs, Provincial Custody 29,027,139$

Total Custody Costs

  Spousal Violence against Females Spousal Violence against Males Total
Federal Custody $8,275,994 $2,773,815 $11,049,809
Provincial Custody $27,076,720 $1,950,419 $29,027,139
Total Correctional Services Costs, Custody $35,352,714 $4,724,234 $40,076,948

A.1.5.2 Conditional Sentence

Number of male offenders receiving probation,
spousal violence against females 5,880 Table note a
spousal violence against males 92 Table note a
Number of female offenders receiving probation,
spousal violence against females 39 Table note a
spousal violence against males 837 Table note a
Average length in days of probation 424 Table note b
Average daily cost for supervising one offender on probation $20 Table note c
Probation costs for offenders convicted of spousal violence against females ((5,880+39)*424*$20) $50,193,120
Probation costs for offenders convicted of spousal violence against males ((92+837)*424*$20) $7,877,920
Total Correctional Services Costs, Probation $58,071,040

A.1.5.3 Probation

Number of male offenders receiving probation,
spousal violence against females 5,880 Table note a
spousal violence against males 92 Table note a
Number of female offenders receiving probation,
spousal violence against females 39 Table note a
spousal violence against males 837 Table note a
Average length in days of probation 424 Table note b
Average daily cost for supervising one offender on probation $20 Table note c
Probation costs for offenders convicted of spousal violence against females ((5,880+39)*424*$20) $50,193,120
Probation costs for offenders convicted of spousal violence against males ((92+837)*424*$20) $7,877,920
Total Correctional Services Costs, Probation $58,071,040

A.1.5.4 Fine

Number of male offenders receiving a fine,
spousal violence against females 314 Table note a
spousal violence against males 5 Table note a
Number of female offenders receiving a fine,
spousal violence against females 2 Table note a
spousal violence against males 48 Table note a
Average fine amount for offenders convicted of spousal violence $428 Table note b
Fine costs – spousal violence against females ((314+2)*$428) $135,276
Fine costs – spousal violence against males ((5+48)*$428) $22,689
Total Correctional Services Costs, Fine $157,965

Total Correctional Services Costs
  Spousal Violence against Females Spousal Violence against Males victims Total
Custody $35,352,714 $4,724,234 $40,076,948
Conditional Sentence $2,862,126 $491,211 $3,353,337
Probation $50,193,120 $7,877,920 $58,071,040
Fine ($135,276) ($22,689) ($157,965)
Total Criminal Justice System Costs, Correctional Services $88,407,960 $13,093,366 $101,501,325
Total Criminal Justice System Costs
  Spousal Violence against Females Spousal Violence against Males Total
Police $121,599,167 $23,975,267 $145,574,434
Court $25,763,472 $4,588,151 $30,351,623
Prosecution $21,346,584 $3,801,558 $25,148,142
Legal Aid $14,847,274 $2,644,113 $17,491,387
Correctional Services $88,407,960 $13,093,366 $101,501,325
Total Criminal Justice System Costs $271,964,457 $48,102,455 $320,066,911

A.2 Civil Justice System

A.2.1 Civil Protection Orders

Number of civil protection orders issued, female victims 3,843 Table note a
Number of civil protection orders issued, male victims 1,140 Table note a
Average cost of issuing one civil protection order $400 Table note b
Number of civil protection orders applied for but not granted, female victims 1,076 Table note c
Number of civil protection orders applied for but not granted, male victims 319 Table note c
Average cost of processing one civil protection order application $200 Table note c
Civil protection order costs – spousal violence against females (3,843*$400+1,076*$200) 1,752,400
Civil protection order costs – spousal violence against males (1,140*$400+319*$200) $519,800
Total Civil Justice System Costs, Civil Protection Orders $2,272,200

A.2.2 Divorce and Separation

Number of divorce initiations, 2009 81,284 Table note a
Percentage of divorces caused by spousal violence 19.7% Table note b
Number of divorces caused by spousal violence (81,284*19.7%) 16,013
Percentage of divorces that are contested 19% Table note c
Number of contested divorces caused by spousal violence (16,013*19%) 3,042
Number of uncontested divorces caused by spousal violence (16,013-3,042) 12,971
Contested divorces,
 Percentage of applicants using legal assistance 94.74% Table note d
 Percentage of respondents using legal assistance 78.60% Table note d
Uncontested divorces,
 Percentage of applicants using legal assistance 63.64% Table note d
 Percentage of respondents using legal assistance 26.76% Table note d
Legal representatives used in contested divorces (3,042*(97.74%+78.6%)) 5,274
Legal representatives used in uncontested divorces (12,971*(63.64%+26.76%) 11,726
Average legal fees for contested divorce, 2009 $12,562 Table note e
Average legal fees for uncontested divorce, 2009 $1,342 Table note e
Total legal fees for divorces [(5,274*$12,562)+(11,726*$1,342)] $81,987,747
Total legal aid expenditures on family law issues, 2009 $182,994,500Table note f
Percentage of family court cases involving divorce, 2009/2010 35.4% Table note g
Percentage of family court cases involving separation, 2009/2010 30.0% Table note g
Legal aid expenditures on spousal violence-related divorce cases ($182,994,500*35.4%*19.7%) $12,761,670
Legal aid expenditures on spousal violence-related separation cases ($182,994,500*30%*19.7%) $10,814,975
Average civil court cost per contested divorce, 2009 $1,149 Table note h
Civil court costs for contested divorces (3,042*$1,149) $3,495,798
Total family service expenditures for divorce and separation, 2009 $70,403,282
Family service expenditures for spousal violence caused divorce and separation ($70,403,282*19.7%) $13,869,446
Total civil justice system costs for divorce and separation caused by spousal violence ($12,761,670+$10,814,975+$3,495,798+$13,869,446) $40,941,889
Percentage of spousal violence-caused separations & divorces initiated by females 81% Table note i
Percentage of spousal violence-caused separations & divorces initiated by males 19% Table note i
Costs associated with divorce and separation – spousal violence against females ($27,072,443*81%) $33,162,930
Costs associated with divorce and separation – spousal violence against males ($27,072,443*19%) $7,778,959
Total Civil Justice System Costs, Divorce and Separation $40,941,889

A.2.3 Child Protection Systems

Number of children involved in investigations of exposure to spousal violence 29,259 Table note a
Average cost per investigation $675 Table note b
Total investigation costs of exposure to spousal violence (29,259*$675) $19,749,825
Percentage of substantiated investigation of exposure to spousal violence that resulted in a change of residence 6.6% Table note c
Number of children placed in out-of-home care (29,259*6.6%) 1,932
Number of children without a change of residence (29,259-1,932) 27,327
Among those out-of-home placements because of exposure to spousal violence
Percentage of children went to foster care or formal kinship care 54.5% Table note d
Percentage of children went to informal kinship care 45.5% Table note d
Number of children placed in foster care and formal kinship care (1,932*54.5%) 1,053
Number of children placed in informal kinship care (1,932*45.5%) 879
Length of stay in out-of home care in days 730 Table note e
Number of visits conducted for children staying in home or informal kinship care 52 Table note f
Number of hours per visit 3 Table note f
Average daily cost of maintaining a child in foster care or formal kinship care $60 Table note g
Average hourly salary rate for child protection worker (conducting visits) $26.37 Table note h
Costs of providing foster care and formal kinship (1,053*730*$60) $46,121,400
Costs of conducting regular visits (52*3*26.37)*(879+27,327) $116,032,512
Total child protection system costs due to exposure to spousal violence $19,749,825+$46,121,400+$116,032,512) $181,903,737
Percentage of spousal violence against females 81% Table note i
Percentage of spousal violence against males 19% Table note i
Child protection systems costs – spousal violence against females ($181,903,737*81%) $147,342,027
Child protection systems costs – spousal violence against males ($181,903,737*19%) $34,561,710
Total Civil Justice System Costs, Child Protection Systems $181,903,737
Total Civil Justice System Costs
  Spousal Violence against Females Spousal Violence against Males Total
Civil Protection Orders $1,752,400 $519,800 $2,272,200
Divorce and Separation $33,162,930 $7,778,959 $40,941,889
Child Protection systems $147,342,027 $34,561,710 $181,903,737
Total Civil Justice System Costs $182,257,357 $42,860,469 $225,117,826
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