Comparison of Case Processing Under the Young Offenders Act and the First Six Months of the Youth Criminal Justice Act

Table 1: Prior Record before and after the YCJA, by Court Location
  Halifax Toronto & Scarborough Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver Surrey Total
Prior record? YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
  Column percentages
No, first offender 44.9 25.9 50.0 53.4 42.0 47.4 28.4 31.6 38.3 30.3 46.7 45.8 41.2 38.8
Yes, prior conviction(s) 49.0 50.0 46.5 22.4 54.7 52.6 59.4 66.7 59.3 69.7 47.4 52.1 52.7 53.2
Not known 6.2 24.1 3.5 24.1 3.3 0 12.3 1.8 2.4 0 5.9 2.1 6.0 8.0
Total percent 100.1% 100.0% 100.0% 99.9% 100.0% 100.0% 100.1% 100.1% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 99.9% 100.0%
Total number 341 58 398 58 369 76 416 114 167 33 152 48 1843 387

Notes:

  • Prior record is defined as the presence of past guilty findings in the youth’s history.

  • The disproportionate numbers of “not knowns” in the “YCJA sample” columns ( Halifax and Toronto/Scarborough) and in the “YOA sample” column in Edmonton prevent valid pre-/post comparisons.