Comparison of Case Processing Under the Young Offenders Act and the First Six Months of the Youth Criminal Justice Act


Table 15: Current Guilty Finding Cases: YOA Cases (Baseline), Cases whose Proceedings Were All After the YCJA, and Cases that Began before the YCJA but Concluded after Proclamation,by Court Location (Part 1)
  Halifax Toronto & Scarborough Winnipeg
  Baseline cases First 6 months cases Baseline cases First 6 months cases Baseline cases First 6 months cases
Any current guilty finding? YOA sample Proceedings after YCJA Began before proclamation YOA sample Proceedings after YCJA Began before proclamation YOA sample Proceedings after YCJA Began before proclamation
  Column percentages
No 17.3 24.1 48.5 22.6 56.9 56.7 19.2 25.0 28.8
Yes 82.7 75.9 51.5 77.4 43.1 43.3 80.8 75.0 71.2
Total percent 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Total number 341 58 99 398 58 141 369 76 125
Chi-square, df=2, p value 40.56, p<.001 69.03, p<.001 5.38, n.s.
Chi-square, df=1, p value 1.55, n.s. 30.31, p<.001 1.30, n.s.

Table 15: Current Guilty Finding Cases: YOA Cases (Baseline), Cases whose Proceedings Were All After the YCJA, and Cases that Began before the YCJA but Concluded after Proclamation,by Court Location (Part 2)
  Edmonton Vancouver & Surrey Total*
  Baseline cases First 6 months cases Baseline cases First 6 months cases Baseline cases First 6 months cases
Any current guilty finding? YOA sample Proceedings after YCJA Began before proclamation YOA sample Proceedings after YCJA Began before proclamation YOA sample Proceedings after YCJA Began before proclamation
  Column percentages
No 13.2 28.1 22.8 5.0 32.1 42.7 18.0 32.0 41.0
Yes 86.8 71.9 77.2 95.0 67.9 57.3 82.0 68.0 59.0
Total percent 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Total number 416 114 79 319 81 117 1524 306 444
Chi-square, df=2, p value 15.78, p<.001 Sans objet 109.25, p<.001
Chi-square, df=1, p value 14.38, p<.001 Sans objet 30.70, p<.001

Notes:

  • The third column in each court location contains data on cases that had their first court appearance before the YCJA but whose cases concluded under the Act. Most of the adjudication decisions were made after the Act began.

  • The dark shading indicates that the data are unrepresentative of the pre-legislation period.

  • The second last row in each table provides the chi-square results for the table as shown. The last row provides the chi-square results for no/yes guilty finding before and after the Act, excluding the cases that began before the legislation but concluded after proclamation.

  • No chi-square tests are provided for Vancouver and Surrey because the pre- and post-legislation data are not comparable.

  • *The total columns exclude Vancouver and Surrey for the reasons discussed in the text.