Comparison of Case Processing Under the Young Offenders Act and the First Six Months of the Youth Criminal Justice Act


Table 18: Detailed Distribution of Sentences before and after the YCJA, by Court Location
  Halifax Toronto Scarborough Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver Surrey
Percentage of cases receiving: YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
Absolute discharge 1.4 1.2 11.2 20.0 6.2 0 0.3 0.7 4.4 2.1 1.2 0 0.7 6.5
Reprimand   5.3   26.7   0   1.4   4.2   5.2   3.1
Conditional discharge 2.1 4.8 15.7 10.0 14.6* 3.6* 5.0 9.0 1.4 2.8 12.3 10.3 11.3 14.5
Fine, restitution 12.1 14.3 3.9 6.7 4.6 3.6 16.8 11.0 21.6* 9.8* 11.7 6.9 23.4* 11.3*
Community service 37.2 31.0 22.5 26.7 30.0 19.6 30.9 30.3 40.2 44.8 27.8 22.4 30.5 25.8
Probation 75.5 72.6 71.3* 40.0* 89.2 91.1 80.2 76.6 56.5* 40.6* 74.7* 58.6* 87.9* 66.1*
ISSP   0   0   0   8.9   0.7   17.2   3.1
Time served 4.3 2.1 37.1 23.3 42.3 39.3 19.1 15.1 12.5* 3.5* 14.8 17.2 5.7 4.7
Attendance centre   0   3.3   0   0   19.6   0   0
Deferred custody & supervision order   3.2   0   8.9   4.8   4.2   1.7   6.3
Custody, custody & supervision 34.0* 21.1* 33.1* 0* 30.0 23.2 29.2 25.3 29.9* 18.9* 38.9* 17.2* 29.8* 9.4*
Total number of sentenced cases 282 95 178 30 130 56 298 146 361 143 162 58 141 64

Notes:

  • * Shaded pairs are statistically significant at p<.05, according to the chi-square statistic.

  • The percentages add up to more than 100% because the same case can result in multiple sentences.