Comparison of Case Processing Under the Young Offenders Act and the First Six Months of the Youth Criminal Justice Act

Table 2: The Number of Instant Charges before and after the YCJA, by Court Location
  Halifax Toronto &
Scarborough
Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver
& Surrey
Total
  YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
  Average and median number of charges
Mean 3.7 3.5 3.3 2.7 5.2 4.8 4.4* 5.4* 3.0* 2.4* 3.9 4.0
Median 2.0 3.0 2.0 2.0 4.0 4.0 3.0 4.0 2.0 2.0 3.0 3.0
Total number of cases 341 58 398 58 369 76 416 114 319 81 1843 387
F value,
p value
2.96, n.s. 2.14, n.s. 0.53, n.s. 7.75, p<.007 4.27, p<.04 0.31, n.s.

Notes:

  • * In this and subsequent tables, the shaded pairs are statistically significant at p< .05 or less. In this case, the before and after Act means are significantly different according to the F value of the t-test (difference in means).
  • n.s. = not statistically significant.
  • “Instant” charges are the number of charges in the matter that brought the youth into the sample.