Comparison of Case Processing Under the Young Offenders Act and the First Six Months of the Youth Criminal Justice Act


Table 25: The Percentage of Cases Receiving DCSO or Custody by Prior Record before and after the YCJA, by Court Location

  Halifax Toronto Scarborough Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver Surrey
  YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample
(a) Prior record? % of DCSO/custody cases
No, first offender 14.4% 7.7% 16.5% 0 14.5% 17.9% 7.4%* 16.9%* 6.3% 10.3% 23.4% 9.1% 10.8% 0
Yes, prior conviction(s) 53.1%* 37.3%* 48.9%* 0* 43.5% 50.0% 45.3% 44.8% 43.1%* 28.4%* 48.9%* 25.7%* 43.3% 39.3%

  Halifax Toronto Scarborough Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver Surrey
  YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample
(b) 3 or more prior convictions? % of DCSO/custody cases
0 to 2 prior convictions 21.5% 12.2% 20.0%* 0* 19.5% 22.7% 13.9% 17.0% 10.0% 10.4% 24.2% 9.1% 14.9% 4.4%
3 or more prior convictions 68.8% 53.6% 58.1%* 0* 52.5% 88.9% 56.5% 53.1% 57.2%* 35.6%* 63.3%* 33.3%* 58.3% 75.0%

  Halifax Toronto Scarborough Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver Surrey
  YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample YOA sample YCJA sample
(c) Number of prior convictions of cases receiving DCSO/custody Average and median number of prior convictions in DCSO/custody cases
Mean 5.7 7.8 6.1 na 5.0 3.7 6.7 5.2 9.3 9.9 6.3 7.9 6.4 5.5
Median 4.0 5.5 5.5 na 3.0 2.0 6.0 6.0 7.0 8.0 5.0 8.0 5.0 5.5
Number of cases 94 22 58 0 37 18 86 42 100 31 61 11 35 10

Notes:

  • * Shaded pairs are statistically significant at p<.05, according to the chi-square statistic.

  • In some cases, the existence of a prior record was available – i.e., yes or no – but the number of prior convictions was not known.