Comparison of Case Processing Under the Young Offenders Act and the First Six Months of the Youth Criminal Justice Act

Table 28: Type of Probation Conditions before and after the YCJA, by Court Location
  Halifax Toronto Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver & Surrey Total
  YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
  % of probation cases receiving each condition
Attend school or obtain, maintain employment 29.1 38.1 36.0 29.4 45.6* 31.3* 58.5* 39.5* 50.4 52.2 43.8* 38.2*
Reside with parent or other adult 19.5 30.8 14.6 25.0 12.5* 22.5* 12.7* 38.2* 11.3 14.0 14.0* 25.0*
Reside where directed by youth worker 10.5 12.2 28.6 21.7 22.5 28.8 64.3 79.5 67.8* 81.1* 39.0 44.6
Reside in foster/group home 2.1 0 1.4 0 4.0 10.0 4.5 0 1.2 2.0 2.5 3.4
Attend counselling or assessment for counselling 50.2 55.6 34.4 35.3 47.3 57.4 43.9 39.5 50.8 58.9 45.2 50.2
No weapons 3.7* 22.0* 31.1 38.3 5.1* 15.0* 2.5* 17.2* 13.8* 43.1* 12.0* 27.4*
Abstain from alcohol, non-prescription drugs 25.3 30.8 14.1 11.7 25.0 32.5 17.8* 51.4* 14.6* 52.5* 19.1* 34.5*
Non-communication with victim 28.4 40.4 31.9 45.0 16.0* 30.0* 8.9 21.4 28.8* 58.5* 23.7* 46.3*
Non-communication with other person 40.5 37.7 30.2 36.7 32.0* 46.3* 41.4* 59.1* 32.9* 55.7* 34.9* 46.6*
Curfew 32.1 35.3 9.0 8.3 38.0 35.0 43.3 55.0 28.3 55.4 29.2 36.8
Area restriction 16.3 13.7 32.1 35.0 11.0* 26.3* 5.8* 35.5* 31.7 39.3 20.6* 29.7*
Community service 28.4 18.0 11.8* 21.7* 35.9 30.0 3.2* 19.4* 17.2 21.2 19.7 23.1
Restitution/compensation 4.7 4.2 1.9 3.3 11.5 10.1 0 0 5.4 13.5 4.9 7.1
Victim apology 9.5 2.1 6.1 5.0 7.0 10.1 9.6 25.9 14.9 38.5 8.3 14.7
Attend programs as directed by probation 10.0* 47.9* 11.8 16.7 23.5* 46.8* 21.0 29.6 9.1* 32.8* 12.7* 36.5*
Restriction on motor vehicle use 1.6 0 3.8 8.3 0 11.4 0 14.8 15.4 21.2 4.2 10.9
Urinalysis, breathalyzer 0 0 0 0 0.5 0 0 0 7.9* 30.8* 1.7 6.0
Other condition(s) 3.2 n.d. 7.5 n.d. 11.5 n.d. 10.2 n.d. 13.3 n.d. 7.3 n.d.
Total number of probation cases 190 48 212 60 200 79 157 27 241 52 1150 266

Notes:

  • * Shaded pairs are statistically significant at p<.05, according to the chi-square statistic.

  • Cases involving any sentence of probation (e.g., if the youth received custody and supervision to be followed by probation) are included in this table. Also included are intensive supervision and attendance centre conditions.

  • na = data not available