Comparison of Case Processing Under the Young Offenders Act and the First Six Months of the Youth Criminal Justice Act


Table 3: Major Offence Categories before and after the YCJA, by Court Location
  Halifax Toronto & Scarborough Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver & Surrey Total
  YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
  % of cases involving each major offence category
Indictable person 7.0 5.2 11.6 12.1 8.1 10.9 4.8 0.9 4.7 3.7 7.3 5.7
Indictable property 19.4 15.5 19.1 13.8 20.1 28.9 12.3 13.2 18.2 11.1 17.6 16.3
Indictable weapons & drugs 2.9 6.9 6.5 3.4 0.5 2.6 3.6 0.9 4.4 2.5 3.6 2.8
Hybrid person 25.8 29.3 33.7 36.2 22.5 15.8 17.8* 7.9* 27.6 23.5 25.3* 20.2*
Hybrid/summary property 46.6 34.5 28.4 29.3 33.6 35.5 39.4* 27.2* 36.7* 16.0* 36.7* 27.9*
Hybrid/summary weapons & drugs 9.7 8.6 19.1 19.0 7.0 13.2 7.2 3.5 7.5 13.6 10.3 10.6
Probation breach 17.6* 34.5* 8.5 5.2 13.3 13.2 18.3 20.2 17.6* 40.7* 14.9* 23.0*
Other administration of justice 10.3* 22.4* 15.6* 25.9* 24.1 15.8 18.8* 40.0* 4.7 4.9 15.1* 23.3*
Other charge type (victimless) 4.4 6.9 11.1 15.5 16.5* 5.3* 16.6 12.3 3.1 3.7 10.8 8.8
Total number on which percentages are based 341 58 398 58 369 76 416 114 319 81 1843 387

Notes:

  • * Shaded pairs are statistically significant at p<.05, according to the chi-square statistic.

  • All current instant charges (the charges that brought the young person into the sample) are included.

  • The percentages do not add up to 100% because most cases have more than one charge. The table is to be interpreted as, for example, in Halifax, 47 percent of cases involved one or more hybrid or summary offence against the rights of property before the new legislation, compared to 35 percent after the Act.