Comparison of Case Processing Under the Young Offenders Act and the First Six Months of the Youth Criminal Justice Act


Table 5: The Percentage Detained by Police at Arrest before and after the YCJA, by Court Location
  Halifax Toronto & Scarborough Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver Surrey Total
  YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
YOA
sample
YCJA
sample
  Column percentages
Detained by police 22.7 31.5 53.1 44.8 49.2 52.1 37.6* 56.1* 80.4 87.1 35.6 46.8 45.2* 52.4*
Released by police 72.3 68.5 46.9 55.2 50.8 42.9 62.4 43.9 19.6 12.9 64.4 53.2 54.8 47.6
Total percent 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Total number of cases 332 54 392 58 360 70 396 114 163 31 146 47 1789 374
Chi-square, df=1, p value 0.33, n.s. 1.37, n.s. 1.49, n.s. 12.48, p<0.001 0.78, n.s. 1.88, n.s. 6.42, p<0.02

Note:

* Shaded pairs are statistically significant at p<.05, according to the chi-square statistic.