Pre-Trial Detention Under the Young Offenders Act: A Study of Urban Courts


TABLE 3.1 - DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUNG PERSONS DETAINED BY POLICE AT APPREHENSION, BY COURT LOCATION

Halifax-Dartmouth Toronto (2 courts) Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver Surrey Total sample
% detained by police at apprehension
All cases b 27.7% (332) 53.1% (392) 49.2% (360) 37.6% (396) 80.4% (163) 35.6% (146) 45.2% (1789)

Gender
Halifax-Dartmouth Toronto (2 courts) Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver Surrey Total sample
% detained by police at apprehension
Male 30.1% (279) 54.1% (320) 50.4% (276) 36.6% (303) 78.0% (123) 34.2% (117) 45.3% (1418)
Female 15.1% (53) 48.6% (72) 45.2% (84) 40.9% (93) 87.5% (40) 41.4% (29) 44.7% (371)

Age
Halifax-Dartmouth Toronto (2 courts) Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver Surrey Total sample
% detained by police at apprehension
12-13 years 10.5% (38) 41.7% (48) 46.7% (45) 27.9% (43) 90.0% (20) 33.3% (15) 38.3% (209)
14-15 years 26.5% (117) 50.4% (131) 49.3% (140) 33.1% (148) 85.7% (42) 41.5% (65) 43.2% (643)
16-17 years 33.7% (169) 57.3% (211) 50.6% (160) 42.6% (202) 79.3% (92) 31.3% (64) 48.8% (898)

Race
Halifax-Dartmouth Toronto (2 courts) Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver Surrey Total sample
% detained by police at apprehension
White 30.8% (208) 53.0% (185) 38.7% (119) 38.9% (126) 74.7% (75) 38.5% (104) 43.2% (817)
Aboriginal 50.0% (2) 75.0% (8) 57.9% (190) 48.1% (108) 92.3% (39) 44.4% (9) 58.7% (356)
Black 26.9% (67) 61.0% (118) 63.6% (11) 28.6% (7) 100.0% (4) 0% (3) 49.0% (210)
Other 20.0% (15) 39.1% (69) 38.5% (13) 59.1% (22) 82.1% (39) 22.7% (22) 47.2% (180)
Not known 15.0% (40) 41.7% (12) 33.3% (27) 24.8% (133) 50.0% (6) 37.5% (8) 26.1% (226)

Living arrangements
Halifax-Dartmouth Toronto (2 courts) Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver Surrey Total sample
% detained by police at apprehension
With 1-2 parents or with parents but N not known 28.0% (149) 46.2% (238) 45.5% (209) 45.1% (122) 81.4% (79) 30.1% (83) 43.1% (929)
With other relatives/guardian 57.1% (14) 89.5% (19) 62.5% (24) 22.2% (9) 71.4% (7) 0% (1) 63.5% (74)
In foster/group home 13.0% (23) 70.4% (27) 58.7% (63) 35.2% (54) 90.3% (31) 45.0% (20) 52.8% (218)
With friends, independently 50.0% (12) 75.0% (4) 0% (5) 50.0% (2) 100.0% (2) 50.0% (2) 48.1% (27)
No stable residence, nfa 62.5% (16) 90.9% (44) 91.3% (23) 46.9% (32) 76.9% (13) 57.1% (7) 74.1% (135)
Not known 8.6% (58) 23.5% (51) 18.5% (27) 30.6% (118) 72.5% (40) 39.4% (33) 30.6% (379)

Active in school or work?
Halifax-Dartmouth Toronto (2 courts) Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver Surrey Total sample
% detained by police at apprehension
No 38.3% (94) 82.0% (89) 59.1% (93) 50.0% (96) 79.6% (54) 39.5% (43) 58.0% (469)
Yes 28.4% (162) 45.8% (238) 46.7% (229) 39.4% (104) 83.6% (73) 29.7% (64) 44.0% (870)
Not known 13.2% (76) 40.0% (65) 39.5% (38) 30.5% (196) 75.0% (36) 41.0% (39) 34.2% (450)

Gang association
Halifax-Dartmouth Toronto (2 courts) Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver Surrey Total sample
% detained by police at apprehension
No known association na na 41.3% (150) na na na 45.2% (759)
Suspected association 64.7% (153) 63.9% (219)
Not known 28.1% (57) 40.2% (811)

Notes:

  • The numbers in brackets are the numbers on which the percentages are based.
  • na The proportion of "not knowns" is very high.
  • b The "all cases" percentages and numbers differ from those in Table 2.1 because the small number of cases where the youth was already in detention or custody have been removed for this analysis.

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