Pre-Trial Detention Under the Young Offenders Act: A Study of Urban Courts


TABLE 4.1 - DEMOGRAPHIC AND SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUNG PERSONS DETAINED BY THE COURT, BY COURT LOCATION

  Halifax-Dartmouth Toronto (2 courts) Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver (2 courts) Total sample
% detained by the court until case over
All cases 30.8% (91) 45.8% (212) 39.5% (172) 37.0% (146) 28.6% (181) 37.2% (806)

Gender
  Halifax-Dartmouth Toronto (2 courts) Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver (2 courts) Total sample
% detained by the court until case over
Male 30.1% (83) 45.8% (177) 42.2% (135) 38.5% (109) 28.8% (139) 38.1% (643)
Female 37.5% (8) 45.7% (35) 29.7% (37) 32.4% (37) 28.3% (46) 33.7% (163)

Age
  Halifax-Dartmouth Toronto (2 courts) Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver (2 courts) Total sample
% detained by the court until case over
12-13 years 25.0% (4) 20.0% (20) 35.0% (20) 36.4% (11) 26.1% (23) 28.2% (78)
14-15 years 30.0% (30) 43.3% (67) 37.3% (67) 36.2% (47) 25.4% (63) 35.0% (274)
16-17 years 31.6% (57) 50.8% (124) 40.0% (80) 37.2% (86) 32.6% (95) 39.8% (442)

Race
  Halifax-Dartmouth Toronto (2 courts) Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver (2 courts) Total sample
% detained by the court until case over
White 31.7% (63) 42.4% (99) 26.7% (45) 46.8% (47) 25.5% (98) 34.4% (352)
Aboriginal 0% (1) 50.0% (6) 46.7% (107) 36.5% (52) 45.0% (40) 43.7% (206)
Black 38.9% (18) 48.6% (72) 33.3% (6) 100.0% (2) 0% (4) 45.1% (102)
Other 0% (3) 53.3% (30) 20.0% (5) 15.4% (13) 21.1% (38) 30.3% (89)
Not known 16.7% (6) 20.0% (5) 33.3% (9) 28.1% (32) 40.0% (5) 28.1% (57)

Living arrangements
  Halifax-Dartmouth Toronto (2 courts) Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver (2 courts) Total sample
% detained by the court until case over
With 1 or 2 parents or with parents but number not known 26.3% (57) 37.3% (110) 36.3% (91) 29.1% (55) 23.8% (84) 31.5% (397)
With other relatives/guardian 25.0% (8) 31.3% (16) 43.8% (16) 50.0% (2) 0% (5) 31.9% (47)
In foster/group home 33.3% (3) 15.8% (19) 37.1% (35) 55.6% (18) 34.2% (38) 35.4% (113)
With friends, independently 66.7% (6) 66.7% (3) 0 0% (1) 33.3% (3) 53.8% (13)
No stable residence, nfa 50.0% (10) 72.5% (40) 35.0% (20) 57.1% (14) 53.8% (13) 57.7% (97)
Not known 20.0% (5) 50.0% (12) 60.0% (5) 29.4% (51) 28.6% (42) 32.2% (115)

Active in school or work?
  Halifax-Dartmouth Toronto (2 courts) Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver (2 courts) Total sample
% detained by the court until case over
No 42.9% (35) 61.8% (76) 45.3% (53) 37.0% (46) 45.9% (61) 48.3% (271)
Yes 23.9% (46) 32.4% 108) 36.5% (104) 48.8% (41) 16.0% (81) 30.8% (380)
Not known 20.0% (10) 53.6% (28) 40.0% (15) 28.8% (59) 27.9% (43) 33.5% (155)

Gang association
  Halifax-Dartmouth Toronto (2 courts) Winnipeg Edmonton Vancouver (2 courts) Total sample
% detained by the court until case over
No known association na na 32.2% (59) na na 34.2% (336)
Suspected association 43.9% (98) 46.0% (139)
Not known 40.0% (15) 36.6% (331)

Notes:

  • The numbers in brackets are the numbers on which the percentages are based.
  • na The proportion of "not knowns" is very high.

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