The 2008 National Justice Survey: The Youth Justice System in Canada and the Youth Criminal Justice Act

Figure 10:  Extent to which Specific Factors Should Influence a Youth’s Sentence

Figure 10, chart representing the extent to which specific factors should influence a youth’s sentence

Long description for Figure 10:

Figure 10: Extent to which specific factors should influence a youth’s sentence. This is a horizontal stacked bar chart that illustrates the extent to which specific factors should influence a youth’s sentence.  The Y-axis is divided into 12 categories. The Y-axis lists the following categories from top to bottom:

  • the youth participated in a program to repair harm;
  • the youth attended a substance abuse program;
  • it’s the youth’s first offence;
  • the youth was abused by his/her parents;
  • the youth spent time in jail waiting for his/her trial;
  • the youth committed the crime with his/her parents;
  • the youth is homeless;
  • the youth pled guilty;
  • the youth is young and immature;
  • the youth has a drug addiction;
  • the crime is common in the community;
  • the crime involve violence.

  Among respondents, the extent to which specific factors should influence a youth’s sentence were as follows:

  • the youth participated in a program to repair harm –increase sentence 15%, stay the same 27% and decrease sentence 58%;
  • the youth attended a substance abuse program –increase sentence 15%, stay the same 44% and decrease sentence 41%;
  • it’s the youth’s first offence –increase sentence 11%, stay the same 51% and decrease sentence 38%;
  • the youth was abused by his/her parents – increase sentence 9%, stay the same 57% and decrease sentence 34%;
  • the youth spent time in jail waiting for his/her trial – increase sentence 14%, stay the same 57% and decrease sentence 29%;
  • the youth committed the crime with his/her parents – increase sentence 39%, stay the same 38% and decrease sentence 23%;
  • the youth is homeless – increase sentence 12%, stay the same 66% and decrease sentence 23%;
  • the youth pled guilty – increase sentence 14%, stay the same 63% and decrease sentence 23%;
  • the youth is young and immature – increase sentence 15%, stay the same 64% and decrease sentence 21%;
  • the youth has a drug addiction – increase sentence 36%, stay the same 54% and decrease sentence 10%;
  • the crime is common in the community – increase sentence 42%, stay the same 53% and decrease sentence 5%;
  • the crime involved violence – increase sentence 84%, stay the same 14% and decrease sentence 2%.

The X-axis is measured in percentages in increments of 10 from 0 to 100.

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