A One-Day Snapshot of Aboriginal Youth in Custody Across Canada

Chapter 6 - Manitoba (continued)

6.2 Results

In Manitoba , there were 259 Aboriginal youth in custody (open, secure or remand) on Snapshot day. Among the provinces/territories, Manitoba had the third largest proportion of Aboriginal youth in custody (23%), slightly less than Saskatchewan (23%) and Ontario (24%).

Statistics Canada census data (1996) reveals there are 15,555 Aboriginal youth between 12-17 years of age living in Manitoba . The Aboriginal youth in the Manitoba Snapshot represent 2% of this total population.

On Snapshot day, there were 16 open and secure facilities in Manitoba with Aboriginal youth on register. This represents 7% of the total number of Snapshot facilities across Canada (N=228).

The total operational capacity (the number of permanent youth beds in each facility) of the facilities included in the Manitoba Snapshot was 1,415. Manitoba accounted for less than one-quarter (24%) of the total operational capacity of the Snapshot facilities across Canada (N=5,797). Aboriginal youth included in the Manitoba Snapshot occupied less than one-fifth (18%) of the total number of beds within the participating facilities in that province. [1]

The custodial facilities included in this study varied with respect to types of custody provided (e.g. secure, open, or remand), description (e.g. group home, treatment centre, and boot camp) and whether they housed male and/or female youth. In Manitoba , similar proportions of Aboriginal youth in custody on Snapshot day were in secure custody, open custody and remand (31%, 37%, and 32%, respectively). The proportion of youth serving remand in Manitoba is slightly higher than the proportion serving remand across Canada (32% versus 27%). [2]

In Manitoba , the most common facility type in which youth serve a custodial sentence is secure/open detention/custody centre (36%). [3] The remaining Snapshot facilities fall into the "other" facility type category (e.g. adult custody, adult remand centre). A majority of youth are sentenced to a youth open or secure custody facility. However, for various reasons, a minority of youth may be in an adult facility (e.g. transferred to adult, serving time in a youth section of an adult facility, on remand in an adult facility). The largest proportion of facilities was considered male only (78%), followed by female only (15%) and co-ed (8%).

  • [1] We were unable to calculate the total number of permanent beds in each jurisdiction because facilities without Aboriginal youth on Snapshot day did not participate in the study.

  • [2] Information was not available on youth serving a combination sentence (e.g. secure and remand).

  • [3] Data missing for 3 facilities.

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