Expert Panel on Emerging Crimes: Hosted by the Department of Justice, Canada. In Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
The Emerging Crimes Panel was hosted by the Research & Statistics Division of the Department of Justice Canada and assembled and given guidance by Professor Tom Naylor. Trained as an economist and historian, he is currently Professor of Economics at McGill University and research associate of the Nathanson Centre for the Study of Organized Crime and Corruption. He has been consultant to financial institutions, law enforcement agencies, revenue authorities and the UNDCP in Vienna. His specialties are smuggling, black markets, white collar crime and international financial crime. His books and articles deal with the criminalization of international financial markets, money laundering, arms trafficking, black market operations of guerrilla and terrorist groups, gold and commodity smuggling, embargo-busting and the structure and operation of enterprise crime.
The day’s proceedings took place in four sections each led by a different panelist. Before the panel each expert prepared answers to a group of questions. Each also reported their conclusions after the discussion. The following is a resumé of their views gleaned from their initial statements, their comments during the panel and their wrap-up notes.
R. T. Naylor is Professor of Economics at McGill University. His main fields of specialization are black markets, smuggling and international financial crime. He is author of six books including Hot Money And The Politics Of Debt and Patriots And Profiteers. His material on topics such as gunrunning, gold smuggling, black market operations of guerrilla groups, and money laundering has appeared in several criminology journals, including Crime, Law & Social Change of which he is senior editor. He was part author of the recent study by the United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention, entitled Financial Havens, Banking Secrecy and Money Laundering.
The panelists were:
- Professor Petrus Van Duyne.
- Trained as a psychologist, criminologist and lawyer, his long career in both academia and the Netherlands Justice Department has involved him in empirical psychological research on decision-making by public prosecutors and judges, investigation into fraud and money laundering, and evaluation of antifraud and anti-money laundering policies. His numerous books, reports and articles on organized crime, fraud, corruption and money laundering have appeared in Dutch, English, German, Polish, Hungarian and Malay. Currently he is senior advisor to the Dutch Criminal Intelligence Service, advisor to the European Union on corruption and organized crime in Eastern Europe, and professor of Penal Science at the Katholic University of Brabant.
- Professor Mike Levi.
- Trained as a sociologist and criminologist with particular interest in business crime and evaluation of prevention policies, he is currently Professor of Criminology at Cardiff University. His specialist interests include cross-border policing, violent crime and drugs/alcohol abuse, white-collar and organised crime. In 1997, he was appointed as Scientific Expert on organised crime to the Council of Europe. Mr. Levis is the UK academic representative on the EC Falcone Committee and has been consultant to the UNDCP and to the ‘Euroshore’ project for the EC. He recently served as a member of the UK Treasury’s group of money-laundering experts and of the Cabinet Office Performance and Innovation Unit’s Steering Committee on the Pursuit and Confiscation of the Proceeds of Crime. His major publications deal with fraud, corruption, money laundering and organised crime.
- Professor Nikos Passas.
- Trained as a lawyer and a criminologist, he is currently Professor of Criminal Justice at Temple University. His academic experience includes work in the US, Greece, Britain, Germany, Italy, Sweden, France, and the Czech Republic. He has been consultant to justice departments and law enforcement agencies in the US, Scotland, Germany and the Netherlands and to the United Nations. He has dealt with issues as varied as underground banking, EEC subsidy fraud and fraud by religious institutions on which he has published numerous books, articles and official sponsored reports. Today his main field of research lies in the analysis of large-scale transnational financial fraud.
- Professor Francisco Thoumi.
- He has had an exceptionally varied career as an academic in both the US and Colombia and as an analyst for various international financial agencies including the InterAmerican Development Bank and the World Bank. He has also been consultant and advisor to many international bodies including UN agencies and US government departments. He recently finished his term as Research Coordinator of the Global Programme Against Money-Laundering of the United Nations Drug Control and Crime Prevention Office, where, among other duties, he edited the latest World Drug Report. He has now taken a post at Florida International University. His publications have deal extensively with international finance and macro economic stabilization policy in the context of the threat posed by large-scale international financial crime and drug trafficking.
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