of Productivity Losses of Other People Harmed or Threatened
Summary Table for Costs to Other
People Harmed or Threatened
Health Care Costs
of Productivity Losses
Costs to Other People Harmed or Threatened
2.a. GSS 2004, Victimization, Main File :
XAR_Q185, PR_101_2004 and PR_304_2004; Incident File: CIR_Q336
2.b.Due to lack of data, we do not consider the case of
staying at hospital overnight.
2.c. The figure only refers to adults. The Main File of the
2004 GSS provides the information regarding the percentage (of the total number
of other people harmed or threatened) that adults represent. Then, this percentage
is applied to the data obtained from Incident File.
2.d. It is assumed that each person takes two days off form
their main activities.
2.e. The value of household work is used as a conservative
3.c. For each record, it is
assumed that there was only one family member involved.
3.d. If the family member takes
time off from work/household work to listen to the victim, there is a
production loss. If the family member uses leisure time, there is also an
opportunity cost, as he/she can use this time to relax. We use the value of
household work as a conservative estimate, which may significantly
underestimate the true cost. In those serious cases, family members may take
days or weeks off from main activities to take care of the victims or as
3.e. GSS 2004, Victimisation,
Main File: XAR_Q540, PR_101_2004 and PR_304_2004.
3.g. For each record, it is
assumed that there was only one friend or neighbour involved.
3.h. If the friends or neighbours
take time off from work/household work to listen to the victim, there is a
production loss. If they use their leisure time, there is also an opportunity
cost, as he/she can use this time to relax. The value of household work is used
as a conservative estimate.
3.i. GSS 2004, Victimisation,
Main File: XAR_Q550, PR_101_2004 and PR_304_2004.
3.j. It is assumed that a 3-hour
conversation occurs during the work time.
3.k. GSS 2004, Victimization, Main
File: INCM, XAR_Q550, PR_101_2004 and PR_304_2004.
3.l. 52.18 weeks per year, 5 days
per week, 7.5 hours per day.
It is assumed that the wage rate for the co-worker is the same as the victim's.
3.n. GSS 2004, Victimization, Main
File: INCM; Incident File: CIR_Q603;
3.o. Drinking and driving
collisions defined as collisions associated with alcohol consumption by one or
more involved drivers—not necessarily where alcohol was the cause. Costs of
traffic delays include extra time, extra fuel and extra pollution. It should be
noted that while some of the costs are borne by the victims, the majority part
of this type of costs is borne by the public. Therefore, it is decided to
include the traffic-delay costs in the third-party costs. Analysis and
Estimation of the Social Cost of Motor Vehicle Collisions in Ontario, 2007,
compensation costs to the 70 services agencies (70 * $2,987,342)
Services expenditures from Correctional Service of Canada
Services expenditures from Public Prosecution Service of Canada
Costs to Victim Services and Compensation Programs
4.a. Victim Services Survey, 2007/2008. According to the
survey, there were 884 victim service agencies in the fiscal year ending March
31, 2008. Out of the 884 agencies, 5 agencies offered only criminal injuries
compensation programs or other financial benefits programs to victims of crime.
4.b.Victim Services Survey, 2007/2008. According to
information collected from 679 victim service agencies (excluding compensation
programs), the cost of providing formal services to victims of crime in Canada was $178.7 million in 2007/2008. This amount excludes costs incurred to administer
criminal injury compensation and other financial benefits programs, and other
costs not specifically related to the formal delivery of services provided to
victims of crime. Therefore, the average cost was $263,181 (=$178,700,000 /
4.c. Victim Services Survey, 2007/2008. In addition to the
5 programs that offered only compensation services to victims of crime, 65 of
the victim services offices that provided a wide range of services also offered
compensation or other financial benefit programs for victims.
4.d. Victim Services Survey, 2007/2008. The 45 survey-participating
agencies indicated they had awarded a total of $131 million in compensation to
victims of crime in 2007/2008. Therefore, the average cost of providing
compensation in 2007/08 was $2,911,111(=$131,000,000 / 45).
6.a. Public Safety Canada works in close collaboration with
federal, provincial, territorial and international law enforcement partners to
develop appropriate national policies to address new and evolving crime issues.
Departmental Performance Reports 2008/09.
6.b. The Government of Canada provided $32 million for 2008
and 2009 to enhance the work of the Public Prosecution Service of Canada. The Budget
in Brief 2008, Department of Finance 2008.
6.c. Canada's National
Crime Prevention Centre (NCPC) provides national leadership on effective and
cost-effective ways to prevent and reduce crime by addressing known risk
factors in high-risk populations and locations. Departmental Performance Reports
2008/09, Public Safety.
6.d. The Government of Canada committed $122 million over
two years (2008/09-2009/10) to ensure that the federal corrections system is on
track to implement a new vision to achieve better public safety results. The Budget
in Brief 2008, Department of Finance 2008.