a. Unless otherwise indicated, dollar
amounts are in 2008 Canadian dollars.
b. Offender costs such as lost legitimate
income or lost productivity while the offenders are engaged in criminal
activities or incarcerated in prison, injury or death to offenders and costs
imposed on family members of offenders are not considered.
c. Unless otherwise indicated, items included
in victim costs refer to the costs associated with non-traffic and non-drug
d.All the cost estimations based on
the General Social Survey (GSS) 2004 data may have been underestimated due to
the choice of the weight in the Incident File. Each record of the Incident File
can be thought of as representing a number of victimization incidents
experienced by persons in the overall population. This number is given by the
weighting factor WGHT_VIC. Usually there is a report for each victimization
incident, but victimization incidents with very similar details are recorded on
the same report. The number of incidents that the report represents is known as
the series factor. To estimate the total number of incidents with a given
characteristic, one would multiply WGHT_VIC by the series factor and sum over
all records with the characteristic. However, as suggested by the GSS, another
possible approach is to count those incidents in the same report as only one
incident. Therefore, we use the weight variable WGHT_VIC, where the series
factor is not taken into account.
e. This group of people refers to
those persons who were present at the incident in addition to the respondent of
the GSS. As there was only one respondent for each interview recorded by the
GSS 2004, all other people either harmed or threatened during the incidences
were included in this group. The costs include heath care and lost
f. Intangible costs do not include the
costs to illegal drug users and victims of traffic offences.