A Review of Brydges Duty Counsel Services in Canada

REFERENCES

  • Arboleda-Florez, J. “Mental illness and violence: An epidemiological appraisal of the evidence.” Canadian Journal of Psychiatry43 (1998): 989-996.
  • Bala, N. Young Offenders Law. Ontario: Irwin Law, 1998.
  • Blaauw, E., Kerkhof, A. and Vermunt, R. “Psychopathology in police custody.” International Journal of Law and Psychology21 (1998): 73-87.
  • B.C. Legal Services Society. 2002/2003-2004/2005. Service Plan. Retrieved Jun. 4, 2002, from http://www.lss.bc.ca
  • Bland, R., Newman, S., Thompson, A. and Dyck, R. “Psychiatric disorders in the population and prisoners.” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry. 21,3 (1998): 273-279.
  • Boland, F., Burrill, R., Duwyn, M. and Karp, J. Fetal alcohol syndrome: Implications for correctional service. Correctional Service of Canada, 1998. Retrieved Aug. 20, 2002, from www/csc-scc.gc.ca/text/rsrch/reports/r71/r71e/shtml
  • Boland, F., Henderson, K. and Baker, J. Case needs review: Substance abuse domain. Correctional Service of Canada, 1998. Retrieved Aug. 20, 2002, from www.csc-scc.gc.ca/text/rsrch/reports/r75/r75e.shtml
  • Brink, J, Dohery, D. and Boer, A. “Mental disorder in federal offenders: A Canadian prevalence study.” International Journal of Law and Psychology, 24 (2001): 339-356.
  • Brown, D., Ellis, T. and Larcombe, K. Changing the Code: Police detention under the PACE codes of practice. London: HMSO, 1992.
  • Bucke, T. and Brown, D. In police custody: Police powers and suspects' rights under the revised PACE codes of practice. London: Home Office, 1997.
  • Buckley, M. The legal aid crisis: Time for action. Canadian Bar Association, 2000.
  • Cassell, P.G. and Hayman. “Dialogue on Miranda: Police interrogation n the 1990's: An empirical study of the effects of Miranda.UCLA Law Review 43 (1996): 839.
  • Cassell, P.G. and Fowles, R. “Handcuffing the cops? A thirty-year perspective on Miranda's harmful effect on law enforcement.” Stanford Law Review 50 (1998): 1055-1172.
  • Cao, L. and Huang, B. “Determinants of citizen complaints against police abuse of power.” Journal of Criminal Justice 28 (2000): 203-213.
  • Cloud, M., Sheperd, G., Nodvin Barkoff, A. and Shur, J. “Words without meaning: The constitution, confessions, and mentally retarded suspects.” University of Chicago Law Review 69 (2002): 495-624.
  • Coles, E.M. and Jang, D. “A psychological perspective on the legal concepts of 'volition' and 'intent.'” Journal of Law and Medicine 4 (1996): 60-71.
  • Crawford, K. “Invoking the Miranda right to counsel.” FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin 64 (1995): 27-33.
  • Cunnien, A.J. “Alcoholic blackouts: Phenomenology and legal relevance.” Behavioral Sciences and the Law 4 (1986): 73-85.
  • Currie, A. “ Legal aid delivery models in Canada: Past experience and future Developments. ” The International Legal Aid Conference, 1999, Vancouver, British Columbia.
  • Currie, A. The New Brunswick aboriginal duty counsel project. Ottawa: Department of Justice Canada, 2000. Retrieved July, 2, 2002, from /eng/pi/rs/rep-rap/2000/rr00_12a.pdf
  • Durno, B. President's Report. Ontario Criminal Lawyers Association Newsletter, Vol. 4 (1994): 1-3. Retrieved July, 2, 2002, from www.criminallawyers.ca/
  • Easton, S. The case for the right to silence. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Company, 1998.
  • Edwards, A. “The exercise of police powers in Queensland: The defendant's perspective.” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology 30 (1997): 217-236.
  • Endicott, O. Persons with intellectual disability who are incarcerated for criminal offences: A literature review. Correctional Service of Canada, 1991. Retrieved Aug. 20, 2002, from www.csc-scc.gc.ca/text/rsrch/reports/r14/r14e.shtml
  • Harvie, R. and Foster, H. “Different drummers, different drums: The Supreme Court of Canada, American jurisprudence and the continuing revision of Criminal Law under the Charter.” Ottawa Law Review 24 (1992): 39-115.
  • Hendrie, E.M. “Beyond Miranda.” FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin 66 (1997): 25-33.
  • Jacobs, J.B. “The evolution of U.S. criminal law.” Issues of Democracy, IIP Electronic Journals 6 (2001): 6-15.
  • Johnsen, J. Studies of legal needs and legal aid in a marker context. The International Legal Aid Conference, 1999. Retrieved Aug. 20, 2002, from http://flair.law.ubc.ca/ilac/Papers/11 percent20Johnsen.html
  • Laing, J.M. “The police surgeon and mentally disordered suspects: An adequate safeguard?” Web Journal of Current Legal Issues1 (1996). Retrieved July 31, 2002, from http://webjcli.ncl.ac.uk/1996/issue1/laing1.html
  • Lancaster, J. “Saskatchewan.” The International Legal Aid Conference, 1999. Retrieved, June 6, 2002, from http://flair.ubc.ca/ilac/Papers/13 percent20Lancaster.html
  • Latzer, B. “State constitutional developments.Criminal Law Bulletin 36 (2000): 148-163.
  • Legal Services Commission. The Criminal Defence Service. London: Legal Services Commission, 2001. Retrieved August 4, 2002, from http://www.legalservices.gov.uk/cds/index.htm
  • Legal Services Commission. The duty solicitor manual. London: Legal Services Commission, 2002. Retrieved August 4, 2002, from http://www.legalservices.gov.uk/cds/duty_sol i citor_manual
  • Leo, R.A. “The impact of Miranda revisited.” Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology86 (1996): 621-693.
  • Leo, R. A. “Questioning the relevance of Miranda in the twenty-first century.” Michigan Law Review 99 (2001): 1000-1029.
  • Littlechild, B. The social worker as appropriate adult under the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984. Birmingham: The British Association of Social Workers, 1996.
  • Lord Chancellor's Department (2001(a)). Criminal Defence Service: Choice of representative consultation paper. London: Lord Chancellor's Dept., 2001. Retrieved August 5, 2002, from http://www.lcd.gov.uk/consult/saldef/chrepresp.htm
  • Lord Chancellor's Department. (2001b). Criminal Defence Service: Establishing a salaried defence service. London: Lord Chancellor's Dept., 2001. Retrieved, August 5, 2002, from http://www.lcd.gov.uk/consult/saldef/saldefresp.htm
  • Mason, A. “Canada.” In Dirk van Zyl Smit and Frieder Dunkel, eds. Imprisonment today and tomorrow: International perspectives on prisoners' rights and prison conditions. Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2001.
  • McCoy, R. “Note: Is there a need for Miranda: A look at Australian and Canadian interrogation.” Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law17 (2000): 627-649.
  • McDonald, S. “The right to know: Women, ethnicity, violence and learning about the Law.” Ph. D. thesis. Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, 2000.
  • Medford, S., Gudjonsson, G. and Pearce, J. The identification of persons at risk in police custody. London: Institute of Psychiatry at the Maudsley, 2000.
  • Motiuk, L. and Porporino, F. The prevalence, nature and severity of mental health problems among federal male inmates in Canadian penitentiaries. Correctional Service of Canada, 1991. Retrieved Aug. 20, 2002, from www.csc-scc.gc.ca/text/rsrch/reports/r24/r24e.shtml
  • Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General. “The expanding role of corrections.” British Columbia, 2001. Retrieved July 31, 2002, from www.pssg.gov.bc.ca/corr/strategic_plan/expand.htm
  • Nami (2002). The criminalization of people with mental illness. Retrieved August 14, 2002, from www.nami.org/update/unitedcriminal.html
  • National Council of Welfare. Legal aid and the poor: How can legal aid be improved. Access to Justice Network, 1995. Retrieved Nov. 23, 2001, from http://129.128.19.162/docs/poor3.html
  • National Equal Justice Library. Legal aid in England. Washington, D.C.: Washington College of Law, American University, 2002. Retrieved August 4, 2002, from www.equaljusticelibrary.org.cnhost.com/international/english.asp
  • Nemetz, T. and Bean, P. “Protecting the rights of the mentally disordered in police stations: The use of the appropriate adult in England and Wales.” International Journal of Law and Psychiatry 24 (2001): 595-605.
  • Ontario Legal Aid Plan. “Proposed pilot projects: Final Report.” Ontario, 1998. Retrieved, April 18, 2002, from http://www.lsuc.on.ca/services/legal_aid_pilot_en.jsp
  • Paciocco, D.M. and Stuesser, L. The Law of Evidence. 2nd ed. Toronto: Irwin Law, 1999.
  • Pernanen, K., Cousieau, M., Brochu, S. and Sun, F. “Proportions of crimes associated with alcohol and other drugs in Canada.” Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse, 2002. Retrieved Aug. 2, 2002, from www.ccsa.ca/
  • Petrowski, T.D. “Miranda revisited.” FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin 70 (2001): 25-33.
  • Philips, R. “Big 6: Lawful Exceptions to Miranda.” Law Enforcement Quarterly 30 (2001): 16-19.
  • Phillips, C. and Brown, D. Entry into the criminal justice system: A survey of police arrests and outcomes. London: Home Office, 1998.
  • Pitts, D. “The Scottsboro boys and fundamental rights.” Issues of Democracy, IIP Electronic Journals 6 (2001): 29-35.
  • Porporino, F. The prison careers of offenders with mental disorders. Correctional Services of Canada, 1994. Retrieved Aug. 20, 2002, from http://www.csc-scc.gc.ca/text/rsrch/reports/r33/r33e.shtml
  • Raine, J.W. and Wilson, M.J. “The court, consumerism and the defendant.” British Journal of Criminology 36 (1996): 498-508.
  • Renke, W.N. (1996(a)). “By-passing the tell-tale heart: The right to counsel and the exclusion of evidence.” University of British Columbia Law Review 30 (1996): 99-136.
  • Renke, W.N. (1996b). “Flappers to rappers: Criminal Law in 1921 and 1996.” Alberta Law Review 35 (1996): 80-116.
  • Roesch, R. “Mental health interventions in jails.” In Davis, G., Lloyd-Bostock, S., McCurran, M., and Wilson, C., eds. Psychology, law and criminal justice (pp. 520-531). New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1995.
  • Sanders, A. “Access to justice in the police station: An elusive dream?” In Young, R. and Wall, D. eds. Access to criminal justice (pp. 254-275). London: Blackstone Press, 1996.
  • Sharpe, R.J. and Swinton, K.E. The Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Toronto: Irwin Law, 1998.
  • Stuart, D. Charter justice in Canadian criminal law.3rd ed.. Toronto: Carswell, 2001.
  • Stuckey, G.B., Roberson, C. and Wallace, H. Procedures in the justice system. 6th ed. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 2001.
  • Teplin, L. “The prevalence of severe mental disorders among male jail detainees: comparison with the Epidemiological Catchment Area Program.” American Journal of Public Health 80 (1990): 663-669.
  • Teplin, L. “Keeping the peace: Police discretion and mentally ill persons.” National Institute of Justice Journal (2000): 1-15.
  • Thomas, G. and Leo, R.A. “The effects of Miranda v. Arizona: Embedded in our national culture?” In M. Tonry, ed. Crime and Justice: A review of research, crime and justice. Vol. 29. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001.
  • Uelmen, G.F. “2001: A train ride: A guided tour of the sixth amendment right to counsel.” Law and Contemporary Problems 58 (1995): 13-2.
  • Verdun-Jones, S.N. and Tijerino, A.A.An assessment of the B.C. Law Courts Education Society Pilot Project for Unrepresented Defendants: A legal and qualitative analysis. Ottawa; Department of Justice Canada, 2001.
  • Vernon, M., Steinberg, A.G. and Montoya, L.A. “Deaf murderers: Clinical and forensic issues.” Behavioral Sciences and the Law 17 (1999): 495-516.
  • Vitelli, R. “The homeless inmate in a maximum-security prison.” Canadian Journal of Criminology 35 (1993): 323-331.
  • Wall, D.S. “Legal aid, social policy, and the architecture of criminal justice: The supplier induced inflation thesis and legal aid policy.” Journal of Law and Society 23 (1996): 549-569.
  • Wilkinson, J.S. “The possibility of alcoholic automatism: Some empirical evidence.” Canadian Criminal Law Review 2 (1997): 217-238.
  • Zapf, P., Roesch, R. and Hart, S. “An examination of the relationship of homelessness to mental disorder, criminal behaviour, and health care in pretrial jail population.” Canadian Journal of Psychiatry 41 (1996): 435-440.

COURT CASES CITED

SUPREME COURT OF CANADA

  • R. v. Bartle (1994), 92 C.C.C. (3d) 289.
  • R. v. Brydges (1990), 53 C.C.C. (3d) 330.
  • R. v. Cobham (1994), 92 C.C.C. (3d) 333.
  • R. v. Collins (1987), 33 C.C.C. (3d) 1.
  • R. v. Debot (1989), 52 C.C.C. (3d) 207.
  • R. v. Evans (1991), 63 C.C.C. (3d) 289.
  • R. v. Feeney (1997), 115 C.C.C. (3d) 129.
  • R. v. Harper (1994), 92 C.C.C. (3d) 423.
  • R. v. Latimer (1997), 112 C.C.C. (3d) 193.
  • R. v. Matheson (1994), 92 C.C.C. (3d) 434.
  • R. v. Pozniak (1994), 92 C.C.C. (3d) 472.
  • R. v. Prosper (1994), 92 C.C.C. (3d) 353.
  • R. v. Whittle (1994), 92 C.C.C. (3d) 11.
  • R. v. Therens (1985), 18 C.C.C. (3d) 481.

PROVINCIAL AND TERRITORIAL APPELLATE COURTS

  • R. v. Boomer (2001), 154 C.C.C. (3d) 425 (B.C.C.A.).
  • R. v. Brunczlik, [2000] O.J. No. 116 (Ont. C.A.), online: QL (O.J.).
  • R. v. Chisholm, [2001] N.S.J. No. 58 (N.S.C.A.), online: QL (N.S.J.).
  • R. v. Dimic, [1998] O.J. No. 2666 (Ont. C.A.), online: QL (O.J.).
  • R. v. Eakin, [2000] O.J. No. 1670 (Ont. C.A.), online: QL (O.J.).
  • R.v. Davis, [1999] O.J. No. 141 (Ont. C.A.), online: QL (O.J.).
  • R. v. Ferguson, [1997] B.C.J. No. 342 (B.C.C.A.), online: QL (B.C.J.).
  • R. v. Fowler, [1996] N.J. No. 318 (Nfld. C.A.), online: QL (N.J.).
  • R. v. Genaille (1997), 116 C.C.C. (3d) 459 (Man. C.A.).
  • R. v. Girard, [1993] N.S.J. No. 67 (N.S.C.A.), online: QL (N.S.J.).
  • R. v. Gormley (1999), 140 C.C.C. (3d) 110 (P.E.I.C.A.).
  • R. v. Jones, [1993] A.J. No. 212 (Alta. C.A.), online: QL (A.J.).
  • R. v. Jones, [1999] O.J. No. 577 (Ont. C.A.), online: QL (O.J.).
  • R. v. Jutras ( 2001), 160 C.C.C. (3d) 113 (Sask. C.A.).
  • R. v. Kennedy (1995), 103 C.C.C. (3d) 161 (Nfld. C.A.).
  • R. v. Leedahl, [2002] S.J. No. 14 (Sask. C.A.), online: QL (S.J.).
  • R. v. Littleford,[2001] O.J. No. 2437 (Ont. C.A.), online: QL (O.J.).
  • R. v. Luong (2000), 149 C.C.C. (3d) 571 (Alta. C.A.).
  • R. v. M.K.A., [1993] A.J. No. 153 (Alta. C.A.), online: QL (A.J.).
  • R. v. McIntosh (1999), 141 C.C.C. (3d) 97 (Ont. C.A.).
  • R. v. McKeen, [2001] N.S.J. No. 44 (N.S.C.A.), online: QL (N.S.J.).
  • R. v. Moore,[1995] A.J. No. 1059 (Alta. C.A.), online: QL (A.J.).
  • R. v. Mosher, [1992] N.S.J. No. 512 (N.S.C.A.), online: QL (N.S.J.).
  • R. v. Nickerson (2001), 160 C.C.C. (3d) 300 (N.S.C.A).
  • R. v. Noël (2001), 156 C.C.C. (3d) 17 (Qué. C.A.).
  • R. v. Parrill,[1998] N.J. No. 322 (Nfld. C.A), online: QL (N.J.).
  • R. v. Polashek (1999), 134 C.C.C. (3d) 187 (Ont. C.A.).
  • R. v. Poudrier, [1998] B.C.J. No. 784 (B.C.C.A.), online: QL (B.C.J.).
  • R. v. Russell, [1996] S.J. No. 59, online: QL (S.J.).
  • R. v. Small (1998), 123 C.C.C. (3d) 560 (Alta. C.A.).
  • R. v. Smith (1999), 134 C.C.C. (3d) 453 (Ont. C.A).
  • R. v. Taylor (1991). 77 C.C.C. (3d) 551 (Ont. C.A.).
  • R. v. Wallace (2002), 165 C.C.C. (3d) 84 (N.S.C.A.).
  • R. v. Whitford (1997), 115 C.C.C. (3d) 52 (Alta. C.A.).
  • R. v. Wydenes, [1999] B.C. J. No. 794 (B.C.C.A.), online: QL (B.C.J.).

AMERICAN CASES

  • Davis v. United States, 512 U.S. 452 (1994).
  • Dickerson v. United States, 530 U.S. 428 (2000).
  • Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335 (1963).
  • Miranda v. Arizona,384 U.S. 436 (1966).
  • United States v. Sterling,283 F. 3d 216 (4thCir. 2002).

ENGLISH CASES

  • R. v. Glaves, [1993] Crim. L.R. 685 (C.A.).
  • R. v. Miller (1990) Crim L.R. 572
Date modified: