The Path to Justice in a Court-Based Drug Treatment Program

Appendix I: Interview Schedule

PART II: Participants Perceptions of the Cost, Quality and Outcome of the Program

In this interview I want to know about your experience and your views of the DTC. The interview questions are divided into sections and I will explain each section as we go along. For each question you will choose the answer that best fits your experience from this answer key. I will tell you which answer key to use. In addition, if you wish to expand or comment on any of your answers please feel free to do so. Do you have any questions?

If you are ready we can start

Section A: Motivation to enter DTC (Note: – This section mainly focuses on the experiences immediately after regular court appearances/arraignment.)

1. Can you tell me how you first learned about the DTC?

  1. I had participated in the program before
  2. the duty counsel/lawyer suggested
  3. a friend told me about it
  4. there were brochures about the DTC program at court/in jail
  5. at the regular court the judge mentioned it
  6. other

2. When you first learned about the DTC did you feel that this was something that you would like to try out?

  1. No not at all – proceed to sub question 2.1
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely – For options b-e skip to question 3

2.1 Well, you participated in program, which means you must have changed your mind. Did your lawyer encourage you to participate in the program?

  1. Not at all – proceed to sub question 2.2
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely – For options b-e skip sub question 2.2

2.2 Did someone else encourage you to participate in the program?

  1. Not at all – Skip sub questions 2.2-2.4 and proceed to question 3
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely

2.3 When your lawyer/duty counsel was encouraging you to participate in the DTC did he /she explain how the program works?

  1. Not at all
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely

2.4 Did your lawyer explain the release conditions?

  1. Not at all
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely

2.5 When your lawyer explained the DTC program did you feel motivated to participate in it?

  1. Not at all
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely

3. Now thinking back to when you made the choice to participate in the DTC, did you feel that the choice was yours?

  1. Not at all
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely

3.1 When you made the choice to participate in the DTC program, to what extent would you say the drug abuse was affecting your life?

  1. Not at all
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely

3.2 When you made the choice to participate in the DTC, did you understand what you were expected to do in the program?

  1. Not at all
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. completely

3.3 At that time did you think the program expectations were reasonable?

  1. Not at all
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely

3.4 At that time did you feel motivated to participate in the program?

  1. Not at all
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely

This is the end of this section. Before we move on to the next section would you like to add anything?

Section B: Quality of the DTC procedures

Now I am going to ask you how you feel about the DTC program. Your answer should be based on your experience and you will use the scale of 1 to 5 (For example 1= not at all; 2 = to a small extent; 3= to a moderate extent; 4= to a large extent; 5= completely) to answer the question. If any of the question is not related to your situation you can say so and if you do not wish to answer any particular question you can say so as well. Do you have any questions?

Procedural Justice

In the first part of this section, I am going to ask you some general questions about the quality of the DTC program.

4. Throughout the whole process, like from start to finish, did you feel that you were able to freely express your thoughts and feelings in the court and during counseling?

4.1. Can you give me an example of how or when this occurred?

5. Throughout the whole process, did you feel that the same rules and requirements were applied to you as are to other participants in the program?

6. Would you say the program, from start to finish, was based on accurate information about you?

6.1 When the DTC team had the wrong information, were you able to correct it?

7. Generally speaking, how satisfied are you with the way this program work?

Restorative Justice

I am now moving on to the next set of questions which will focus on what you think were the benefits of the DTC program since you have been in the program.

8. Has this program helped you improve the way you feel about yourself?

9. Do you avoid contact with drug users you run into on the streets, in stores and places like that?

10. Have you been able to strengthen damaged relationships with friends who don't use drugs?

10.1. Have you made new friends who don't use drugs?

11. To what extent have you been able to strengthen damaged relationships with important family members?

Now let's talk about how well you feel people at the DTC treated you. Remember, all that you say to me will be confidential.

Interpersonal Justice – Judge

Let's start with the judge. You don't have to mention any names.

12. Throughout the program was the judge(s) polite to you when speaking with you?

13. Did you feel the judge(s) was treating you with respect?

14. Did you feel that the judge(s) was being frank with you when they were speaking with you?

15. Were you comfortable asking the judge(s) questions or clarifications?

16. Do you feel that they were trying to help you?

Interpersonal Justice – Prosecutors

Tell me about the prosecutors (Do you know who I am talking about?)

17. Did the prosecutor(s) speak with you in a polite manner throughout the program?

18. Did you feel that they treated you with respect?

19. Did you feel the prosecutors were being frank with you when they were speaking to you?

20. If you didn't completely understand something in court, did you feel comfortable asking the prosecutors questions or clarifications?

21. Do you feel that they were trying to help you?

Interpersonal Justice – Lawyer/Duty Counsel

How about the defence lawyer (Do you know who I am talking about?)

22. Did you feel that the defence lawyer(s) were being polite when they were speaking with you?

23. Did you feel the defence lawyer(s) treated you with respect?

24. Did you feel the defence lawyer(s) were being frank with you when they were speaking to you?

25. To what extent were you comfortable asking the defence lawyer(s) questions or clarifications?

26. Do you feel that they were trying to help you?

Interpersonal Justice – Rideauwood Treatment Representative

I want to know about your relationship with the person (s from Rideauwood that speaks in court. I am thinking about Ruth and James here.

27. Did this person(s) speak to you in a polite way?

28. Did this person(s) treat you with respect?

29. Did you feel this person(s) was being frank with you when they were speaking to you?

30. Did you feel comfortable asking this person(s) questions or clarifications?

Interpersonal Justice – Case Manager at Rideauwood

Can you tell me about your relationship with your case manager at Rideauwood.

31. Did your case manager speak to you in a polite way?

32. Did your case manager treat you with respect?

33. Did you feel your case manager was being frank with you when they were speaking to you?

34. Did you feel comfortable asking your case manager questions or clarifications?

35. Do you feel that they were trying to help you?

Interpersonal Justice – Treatment Providers at Rideauwood

Now lets talk about all the others who were involved in your treatment process at Rideauwood.

36. Were the treatment providers polite, when they were speaking with you?

37. To what extent would you say they treated you with respect?

38. Did you feel that the treatment providers were being frank with you when they were speaking to you?

39. Did you feel comfortable asking the treatment providers questions or clarifications?

40. Do you feel that they were trying to help you?

Interpersonal Justice – Other community Treatment Providers

How about other community treatment providers? Generally speaking are there any agencies that don't treat you with respect, politeness, etc….

41. Were they polite, when they were speaking with you?

42. To what extent would you say they treated you with respect?

43. Did you feel that the community treatment providers were being frank with you when they were speaking to you?

44. Did you feel comfortable asking them questions or clarifications?

45. Do you feel that they were trying to help you?

How are you feeling? Would you like to take a break now?

The next set of questions focuses on information you received throughout the process from various people in the DTC team.

Informational Justice – Judge

I will start with the judge again.

46. Did the judge(s) clearly explain the DTC process to you?

47. Did the judge(s) explain your rights and options during the process in a way that you can understand them?

48. Did you feel that you received the right information at the right time from the judge(s)?

Informational – Lawyer/Duty Counsel

Lets talk about the information you received from your lawyer / duty counsels

49. Did they explain the DTC process clearly and in detail?

50. Did the defence lawyer explain your rights and options during the process in a way that you can understand them?

51. Did you feel that you were receiving the right information at the right time from your lawyer/duty counsel?

Informational Justice – Treatment Representatives at Rideauwood

How about the folks at Rideauwood?

52. Did they clearly explain the DTC process to you?

53. Did they explain your rights and options during the process in a way that you could understand them?

54. Did you feel that you received the right information at the right time from the people at Rideauwood?

That's the end of that section. Do you have any questions, comments about any of the questions that I just asked? Whenever you're ready we can move on to the next section.

Section C: Quality of the Outcome

I want to know about how things turned out for you as a result of being the DTC program. Again you will answer using the 5 point scale. Please feel free to expand on your answer if you wish. If any of the question is not related to your situation you can say so and if you do not wish to answer any particular question you can say so as well. Do you have any questions? We can start when you are ready.

Functionality of the Outcome

Let's start by talking about end of the process.

55. To what extent would you say that being in the DTC program helped you to move forward with your life?

56. At the end of the DTC program, did you feel more hopeful about your future?

56.1 Are you now better able keep a job?

56.2 Are you now better able to manage your money?

56.3 Are you now better able to manage everyday problems?

56.4 Do you feel you are able to trust the legal system?

Transparency of the Outcome

57. Thinking of other DTC participants, to what extent would you say your outcome at the end of the process was similar to the others?

58. Thinking of other DTC participants, to what extent would you say you received the same explanations when decisions were made about things like early leave and coffee card?

59. At the end of the process did you think that you were given the same chances as other people in the program?

Section D: Participants perceptions: Cost of Justice

We are now on to the final section.

Opportunity Cost

In this section I will be asking you some questions about things that you might have missed out on while you were participating in the DTC program.

60.

60.1 At any point in the program, did you miss any job interviews because you had to be in court or attend counseling?

  1. Not at all
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely
  6. Not applicable

60.2 Did your participation in the program frequently interfere with your job?

  1. Not at all
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely
  6. Not applicable

60.3 Did your participation in the program frequently interfere with you going to school?

  1. Not at all
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely
  6. Not applicable

60.4 Did your participation in the program frequently interfere with your family commitments and obligation?

  1. Not at all
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely
  6. Not applicable

60.5 To what extent did your participation in the program negatively impact your important relationships around you?

  1. Not at all
  2. To a small extent
  3. To a moderate extent
  4. To a large extent
  5. Completely
  6. Not applicable

61. How much time did it take for you to travel from where you lived to the court? Please indicate in minutes .

62. The amount of time you spent per week for UDT testing, including the time spent waiting around? Please specify in hours .

63. Did you spend any of your own money in order to attend DTC and other related counseling? No / Yes

  1. Did you spend any money on child care?
  2. Did you spend any money on bus fare or cab fare?
  3. Did you spend money on anything else? Yes, Please specify ;

How much did you spend per month $

Intangible Cost – Stress

I am almost done!. These questions are about the stress you felt during the entire process. You will be using the scale of 1 -5 to answer the questions (1= not stress at all; 2 very little stress; 3= moderate stress; 4= large amount of stress; 5 = extremely stressful). As you can see if you do not experience any stress you can say #1. Please note this is not about the stress you experienced as a result of drug use, but it is about attending the program.

64. How stressful was the overall process of being in the program?

65. How stressful were the weekly court appearances?

66. How about the UDT? How stressful was that?

67. Did you find going for counseling to be stressful?

68. When you had to report a drug use to treatment, how stressed were you?

68.1 When you had to report a drug use to court, how stressed were you?

Intangible Cost – Emotions

Now, I am going to read out some words that describe people's emotions. Please tell me on a scale of 1 -5 ( 1= not at all; 2 very little; 3= moderately; 4= large amount; 5 = extremely) how these words describe your experience in the DTC. If you do not experience any of these emotions you can say #1. Again, remember this is not about the emotions you experienced when you were using drugs.

69.

  1. frustrated?
  2. angry?
  3. humiliated?
  4. disappointed?
  5. hope less?
  6. Lonely?

That's it we are done. Thank you very much for your time. This was a good interview and your views and opinions are so valuable for this study.

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