The Development of the Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk (B-SAFER): A Tool for Criminal Justice Professionals

Appendix A - B-SAFER Form Used for Pilot Test

Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk (B-SAFER)

Information Sources:

Item Rating Procedures:

"Currently" refers to the past 4 weeks, up to and including the incident under investigation

Spousal Assault

Includes assaults against all intimate partners (e.g., marital, common-law, dating partners)

1. Serious Physical/Sexual Violence
  • Actual or attempted physical assault, including sexual assault and use of weapons
  • "Serious" includes such things as life threatening violence and violence resulting
    in injuries that require medical attention, coded as "Y"
  • Less serious violence coded as "P"

Currently
(O, N, P, Y)  

In the Past
(O, N, P, Y)


2. Serious Violent Threats, Ideation, or Intent
  • Homicidal or aggressive thoughts, urges, plans, or behavior
  • "Serious" includes such things as threats of injury or death and threats with weapons,
    stalking, persistent and intrusive aggressive thoughts, and explicit plans, coded as "Y"
  • Less serious threats, ideation, or intent coded as "P"

Currently
(O, N, P, Y)  

In the Past
(O, N, P, Y)


3. Escalation of Physical/Sexual Violence or Threats/Ideation/Intent

Physical/sexual violence or threats/ideation/intent have increased in frequency or severity over time

Currently
(O, N, P, Y)  

In the Past
(O, N, P, Y)


4. Violations of Civil or Criminal Court Orders
  • Includes such things as conditions of restraining orders, parole, probation,
    and bail imposed because of spousal assault or to prevent spousal assault
  • Arrest(s) pertaining to current or previous offense(s) coded as "Y"
  • Violation(s) not resulting in arrest(s) coded as "P"

Currently
(O, N, P, Y)  

In the Past
(O, N, P, Y)


5. Negative Attitudes About Spousal Assault
  • Expresses socio-political, religious, cultural, sub-cultural, or personal beliefs and
    values that encourage, excuse, justify, or minimize abusive, controlling, and violent behavior
  • Includes sexual jealousy and possessiveness
  • Includes minimization/denial of many or all past acts of violence; minimization/denial of
    personal responsibility for many or all past acts (e.g., blames the victim or others); or
    minimization/denial of serious consequences of many or all past acts
    (e.g., says the victim did not suffer physical injuries)

Currently
(O, N, P, Y)  

In the Past
(O, N, P, Y)

B-SAFER developed by P. R. Kropp, S. D. Hart, and H. Belfrage
DRAFT VERSION
NOTE: This form is intended for informational purposes only. Proper use of the B-SAFER requires specialized training.
Please contact the authors for information regarding recommended education and training procedures.

Psychosocial Adjustment Currently

6. Other Serious Criminality
  • Sentenced for or suspected of other criminality NOT related to spousal assault
  • Includes actual or attempted physical violence or sexual assault, including use of weapons,
    against family members (other than intimate partners), acquaintances, and strangers
  • Includes property offenses, public disorder, alcohol/drug offenses, and violations of
    conditional release (e.g., parole, probation, bail, etc.)
  • Less serious criminality coded as "P"

Currently
(O, N, P, Y)  

In the Past
(O, N, P, Y)


7. Relationship Problems
  • Separation from partner or extreme conflict regarding relationships status
  • Code regardless of whether the conflict results from the index offense

Currently
(O, N, P, Y)  

In the Past
(O, N, P, Y)


8. Employment and/or Financial Problems

Chronic unemployment, unstable work pattern, or significant financial difficulties

Currently
(O, N, P, Y)  

In the Past
(O, N, P, Y)


9. Substance Abuse

Serious problems with the use of illicit drugs, alcohol, or prescription drugs
that leads to impairment in social functioning (e.g., health, relationships, work, or legal problems)

Currently
(O, N, P, Y)  

In the Past
(O, N, P, Y)


10. Mental Disorder
  • Irrational (e.g., strange, bizarrre) beliefs or perceptions
  • Serious disturbance of mood
  • Long-standing problems with anger, impulsivity, or instability
  • Suicidal threats, ideation, or intent
Definite
Coded from current or past mental health evaluation
Provisional
Refer for confirmation by mental health evaluation

Currently
(O, N, P, Y)  

In the Past
(O, N, P, Y)


Risk to intimate partner(s) if no intervention is taken

Circle Low (L), Moderate (M), or High (H)

Imminent Risk - Next 2 months

  • L
  • M
  • H

Long-Term Risk - Beyond 2 months

  • L
  • M
  • H

Risk for extremely serious assault/death

  • L
  • M
  • H

The British Columbia Institute Against Family Violence

For information on this and related publications, contact:
The British Columbia Institute Against Family Violence
Suite 551, 409 Granville Street, Vancouver, British Columbia V6C 1T2
Tel: (604) 669-7055 " Fax: (604) 669-7054
E-mail: publications@bcifv.org " URL: www.bcifv.org


Risk Management Plan - Identify strategies for managing risk for spousal violence

Monitoring
Examples

Specify the kind and frequency of contacts required (e.g., weekly face-to-face visits, daily phone contacts, monthly assessments).

Plan
Treatment
Examples
Plan
Supervision
Examples
Plan
Victim Safety Planning
Examples
Plan

Other Considerations

  • What events, occurrences, or circumstances might increase or decrease risk?
  • What else might be done to manage risk?
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