A Synthesis of the Immigration and Refugee Legal Aid Research

Table 3.1: Service Provision Across Canada
Stage Activity Legal Aid Coverage by Province
BC AB MN ON PQ NF
Port-of-entry S. 20 Admissibility Interviews No No No Yes No No
Eligibility Determinations No No No No No No
Inland Claims S. 27 Inland Violations of the Act No Yes * Yes$ No Yes No
Eligibility Determinations No Yes* No Yes No No
Convention Refugee Determination Personal Information Form preparation Yes Yes* Yes$ Yes Yes Yes
Determination Hearings (preparation and attendance) Yes Yes* Yes Yes Yes Yes
Other Hearings (preparation and attendance) Yes Yes* Yes Yes Yes Yes
Immigration Appeals Appeals Yes Yes* Yes Yes# Yes No
Adjudication Immigration Inquiries Yes Yes* Yes No Yes No
Detention Hearings (first and other instances) Yes Yes* Yes Yes Yes Yes
Humanitarian/ Compassionate Applications Yes Yes* Yes Yes# No No
PDRCC Applications Yes Yes* No No No No
'Danger Opinions' Submissions to the Minister No Yes* No Yes No Yes
Federal Court Judicial Review and Appeals Yes Yes* Yes Yes Yes Yes
Supreme Court Appeals Yes Yes* Yes Yes Yes Yes
International Tribunals Appeals No Yes* No Yes No No
  • * In Alberta, the extent of legal aid coverage in all of these areas is subject to the submission of a favourable legal opinion by a private bar legal aid lawyer.

  • $ Coverage is only provided when there is an accompanying criminal charge.

  • # Respondents described the availability of coverage for cases in these areas as discretionary.

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