Frequently Asked Questions: Regulations

The FAQs below are meant to provide Canadians and businesses with basic information about the Department of Justice's regulations.

Contraventions Regulations

  1. What is the purpose of the Contraventions Regulations?

    Made pursuant to section 8 of the Contraventions Act, the purpose of the Contraventions Regulations is to identify federal offences that are designated as contraventions and can therefore be prosecuted under the contravention regime.

    In October 1992, Parliament enacted the Contraventions Act to establish an alternative to the summary conviction process set out in Part XXVII of the Criminal Code for prosecuting certain federal offences. The Act provides that an enforcement authority may issue a ticket to lay an information for a federal offence designated as a contravention by regulation.

  2. What are the key elements of these regulations?

    These regulations provide the short-form description for each offence designated as a contravention to be reproduced by the enforcement officers on the contravention tickets they issue and set an applicable fine for such offence.

    These regulations do not create new offences nor do they impose new restrictions or burdens on individuals or businesses.

    They are however an important component of a prosecution regime that ensures that the enforcement of statutes creating the offences is less onerous on the offender and more proportionate to the seriousness of the offences.

  3. How do these regulations affect Canadian businesses?

    These regulations do not affect Canadian businesses.

  4. What is the timeline for implementation?

    These regulations are amended every time a federal department decides to prosecute a given regulatory offence under its jurisdiction by means of the contraventions regime and in so doing, to designate such an offence as a contravention.

  5. Where can I get more information?

    More information is found in the Regulatory Impact Analysis Statement that accompanies the amendments to these regulations when they are published in Part II of the Canada Gazette.

Federal Child Support Guidelines

  1. What is the purpose of the Federal Child Support Guidelines?

    The main goals of the Federal Child Support Guidelines are:

    • to establish a fair standard of support for children so that they continue to benefit from both parents' means after a separation or divorce;
    • to reduce conflict and tension between parents by making the calculation of child support more objective;
    • to ensure that parents and children in similar situations are treated the same; and
    • to make the legal process more efficient and encourage settlements by giving courts and parents guidance about child support.

  2. What are the key elements of these regulations?

    The Federal Child Support Guidelines are regulations under the Divorce Act. They set out rules and tables for determining child support amounts.

    They are designed to advance the best interests of children and to ensure that children get an appropriate level of child support from both parents. It also makes it faster, easier, and less expensive for parents to arrive at an amount.

    The Guidelines apply to parents who seek a divorce, as well as to parents who are already divorced. All provinces and territories, except Quebec (which adopted a different model), have adopted similar guidelines that apply to parents who were never married, or to parents who are married but not divorced or divorcing.

    Tables containing child support amounts are generated for each province and territory using the Guidelines formula and considering the federal, provincial and territorial tax parameters that apply. Each table sets out the amounts based on the income, the province or territory of the parent who will pay child support and the number of children involved.

    The Guidelines provide flexibility in certain circumstances, for instance:

    • when parents need to adjust the table amounts to account for special or extraordinary expenses such as day care expenses;
    • in cases of undue hardship;
    • when families have a shared custody arrangement;
    • in cases of incomes over $150,000; and
    • when children have reached the age of majority.

    The word "Guidelines" may suggest that the child support rules and tables are only for reference. This is not the case. The Divorce Act requires that the Guidelines be used in almost every case. The Act allows a few exceptions, such as situations in which both parents agree to an arrangement that the judge finds reasonable.

  3. How do these regulations affect Canadian businesses?

    These regulations do not directly affect Canadian businesses.

  4. Where can I get more information?

    http://www.justice.gc.ca/eng/fl-df/child-enfant/index.html

For more information

To learn about upcoming or ongoing consultations on proposed federal regulations, visit the Canada Gazette and Consulting with Canadians websites.

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